Sebagian besar studi menunjukkan bahwa cpi melebih

This preview shows page 106 - 112 out of 121 pages.

Sebagian besar studi menunjukkan bahwa CPI melebih- lebihkan tingkat inflasi sekitar 1 poin persentase per tahun Masalah ini penting karena banyak program transfer pemerintah (seperti Jaminan Sosial) terkait dengan peningkatan CPI
The GDP Deflator versus the Consumer Price Index The GDP Deflator reflects the prices of all goods produced domestically, while the CPI reflects the prices of all goods bought by consumers The CPI compares the prices of a fixed basket of goods over time, while the GDP deflator compares the prices of the goods currently produced to the prices of the goods produced in the base year. This means that the group of goods and services used to compute the GDP deflator changes automatically over time as output changes. Deflator PDB mencerminkan harga semua barang yang diproduksi di dalam negeri, sedangkan CPI mencerminkan harga semua barang yang dibeli oleh konsumen CPI membandingkan harga keranjang barang tetap dari waktu ke waktu, sementara deflator PDB membandingkan harga barang yang saat ini diproduksi dengan harga barang yang diproduksi pada tahun dasar. Ini berarti bahwa kelompok barang dan jasa yang digunakan untuk menghitung deflator GDP berubah secara otomatis seiring waktu seiring perubahan output.
Two Measures of Inflation
Contrasting the CPI and GDP Deflator Imported consumer goods: included in CPI excluded from GDP deflator Imported consumer goods: included in CPI excluded from GDP deflator The basket: CPI uses fixed basket GDP deflator uses basket of currently produced goods & services This matters if different prices are changing by different amounts. The basket: CPI uses fixed basket GDP deflator uses basket of currently produced goods & services This matters if different prices are changing by different amounts. Capital goods: excluded from CPI included in GDP deflator (if produced domestically) Capital goods: excluded from CPI included in GDP deflator (if produced domestically)
A C T I V E L E A R N I N G 2 : CPI vs. GDP deflator In each scenario, determine the effects on the CPI and the GDP deflator. A. Starbucks raises the price of Frappuccinos. B. Caterpillar raises the price of the industrial tractors it manufactures at its Illinois factory. C. Armani raises the price of the Italian jeans it sells in the U.S. D. Dalam setiap skenario, tentukan dampaknya pada CPI dan deflator PDB. E. A. Starbucks menaikkan harga Frappuccino. F. B. Caterpillar menaikkan harga traktor industri yang diproduksi di pabriknya di Illinois. G. C. Armani menaikkan harga jeans Italia yang dijualnya di A.S. 110
A C T I V E L E A R N I N G 2 : Answers A. Starbucks raises the price of Frappuccinos. The CPI and GDP deflator both rise. B. Caterpillar raises the price of the industrial tractors it manufactures at its Illinois factory.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture