14 & 16 15
Media Tool“Biographies of Current Justices of the Supreme Court” ○ The Court’s website, offering a substantial amount of information about the Court including photos and biographies of each of the Justices○ Discussion:Do you feel the Court Justices are representative of America’s population? Why or why not? How has the diversity of the Court changed compared to the 1970s? The 1900s? What If ScenarioThe Supreme Court: Decision MakingWhat if . . . you were a Supreme Court Justice? Do you think your decision would tend to run toward the conservative or liberal side? After reviewing the Court’s biographies of the current Justices, who do you feel most (and least) akin to? 4.Supreme Court decisionsa)Like all appellate courts, the Supreme Court normally does not hear any evidence. The Court’s decision in a particular case is based on the written record of the case and the written arguments (briefs) that the attorneys submit. b)The attorneys also present oral arguments.c)The opinion outlines the reasons for the Court’s decision, the rules of law that apply, and the decision.d)Concurring opinion - Often, one or more justices who agree with the Court’s decision may do so for different reasons than those outlined in the majority opinion.e)Dissenting opinions – If one or more justices disagree with the Court’s conclusion, these justices may write dissenting opinions outlining the reasons why they feel the majority erred. V.How do judges function in the criminal justice system? 6
Lesson Objective 1: Define jurisdiction and contrast geographic and subject-matter jurisdiction Lesson Objective 2: Explain the difference between trial and appellate courts Lesson Objective 3: Explain briefly how a case is brought to the Supreme Court Lesson Objective 4: List the different names given to public prosecutors and indicate the general powers that they have A. The roles and responsibilities of trial judges 1. One of the reasons that judicial integrity is considered so important is the amount of discretionary power a judge has over the court proceedings. a) Before the trial judges determine the following: a. Whether there is sufficient probable cause to issue a search or arrest warrant, or to authorize electronic surveillance of a suspect. b. Whether enough evidence exists to justify the temporary incarceration of a suspect. c. Whether a defendant should be released on bail, and if so, the amount of the bail. d. Whether to accept pretrial motions by prosecutors and defense attorneys. e. Whether to accept a plea bargain. b) During these pretrial activities, the judge takes on the role of the negotiator. 2. During the trial a)
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 11 pages?
- Fall '17
- GEORGE WEISSINGER
- Supreme Court of the United States, United States Supreme Court, Trial court