Their law always proposes to determine what c shall

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law passed to remedy the evil and help X. Their law always proposes to determine what C shall do for X, or, in better case, what A, B, and C shall do for X... What I want to do is to look up C... I call him the forgotten man... He is the man who never is thought of. He is the victim of the reformer, the social speculator, and philanthropist, and I hope to show you before I get through that he deserves your notice both for his character and for the many burdens which are laid upon him.” —Summer, p.466 of The Forgotten Man and Other Essays tariff : A tax on imports imposed by governments to benefit the domestic economy. An important part of the economic theory of mercantilism, the tariff continued to be used by the U.S. and many other countries to protect domestic industries or resources against foreign competition into the mid-20th century when in 1945 the major powers organized GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) and began to arrange lower tariffs and promote free trade. In the U.S. after 1961, the federal government raised the tariff to higher and higher levels (with some exceptions such as the Underwood Tariff of 1913) from the Morrill Tariff of 1861 to the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930 because of the influence of big business on government. Higher tariffs allowed domestic businesses to raise their prices thereby improving profits. The tariff is significant
as a symbol of the connection between government, workers, and business and is opposed by free market capitalists. Teller Amendment : The fourth part of a Congressional resolution passed April 20, 1898 (named for its author Senator Henry M. Teller of Colorado) which stated that the U.S. had no intentions of annexing Cuban territory. The other three parts of the resolution authorized U.S. intervention in Cuba to free it from Spain. This led to the Spanish-American War when Spain declared war on the U.S. on April 24. The Teller Amendment is significant as representative of how the U.S. seemed to change its values and principles during the Spanish-American War. As the Teller Amendment indicates, the U.S. began the Spanish-American War as an anti-colonial war (helping Cuba gain its independence from Spain) but ended it as a colonial war because after the war, the U.S. took over much of Spain's empire including the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam while also acquiring Hawaii and Wake Island, thereby establishing an overseas empire. In addition, while the U.S. did not annex Cuba, the U.S. made it into a protectorate so that the U.S. controlled it indirectly through political, economic, and military influence. Ten Percent Plan : This is the popular name for Abraham Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction issued December 8, 1863 as a means of restoring the Confederate states to the Union as quickly and easily as possible. Based on Lincoln’s theory that the South could not constitutionally leave the Union and therefore the Civil War was simply a rebellion by individuals whom the president had the power to pardon, the Proclamation stipulated that if 10% of the voters of 1860 would take an oath of allegiance to

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