Current transcript segment000piano music 005 Steven Im with Dr Bernie Frischer

Current transcript segment000piano music 005 steven

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Current transcript segment:0:00(piano music) 0:05- [Steven] I'm with Dr. Bernie Frischer, 0:06the creator of Rome Reborn. 0:09It's a beautiful day, and we're flying low 0:12over the Tiber River. 0:13- [Bernie] This is Rome in the year 320 C.E. 0:16You see this big plaza, 0:18that's the so-called Circus Flaminius, 0:19beyond which is a theater, the Theatre of Marcellus, 0:22and to the left is the Capitoline Hill. 0:24- [Steven] And now we're approaching a large stadium, 0:26a place for sporting events. 0:28- [Bernie] This is the Circus Maximus 0:30used for the chariot races among other things, 0:33it also was used for parades, 0:34for example The Triumphal Parade. 0:36It could seat up to, we think, 250,000 people. 0:40It was quite a big complex. 0:42- [Steven] And there's an island in the middle, 0:43around which the chariots would race. 0:45You can see right in the middle of that, the large obelisk. 0:49- [Bernie] This is one of the first two 0:51very tall obelisks brought from Egypt to Rome 0:53by the first Emperor Augustus. 0:55It symbolized to the Egyptians, and the Romans knew this, 0:58a sunbeam, and the Romans thought this was appropriate 1:01for the Circus because the Circus itself 1:04had a temple of the sun god. 1:06- [Steven] And this temple to the sun is placed 1:08directly across from the imperial box and just to the left 1:12of the stadium is the palace. 1:14- [Bernie] The Great Imperial Palace. 1:16At the end of the Circus Maximus is a triumphal arch. 1:20We know that was dedicated to the Emperor Titus 1:23and celebrated his victory over the province of Judea. 1:26The reason that there's a triumphal arch of Titus here 1:29is that the parade known as the triumphal procession 1:32went through the Circus Maximus and all along Page 7 of 13
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CSTU 101 1:35the triumphal procession there were temples, 1:38triumphal arches and other monuments. 1:40- [Steven] And aligned with the Arch of Titus, 1:41we can see in the distance one of the great Bath 1:44complexes of ancient Rome. 1:45- [Bernie] That's the Baths of Caracalla. 1:48Now we're looking at the Caelian Hill, 1:50you can see the Claudian Aqueduct in the valley 1:53between the Caelian hill and to our left the Palatine Hill, 1:56you see a plume of smoke going up from 1:58the imperial bath complex on the Palatine hill. 2:01To our right we're passing by a 2:02great complex, a garden in the middle of which is a temple, 2:05and that's the temple of the Divine Claudius. 2:07Claudius was made a god after his death 2:10and Nero incorporated this piece of land into 2:13the Golden House, which covered 120 acres. 2:16- [Steven] What I find so fascinating is that so much 2:18of the ancient architecture that I associate with Rome 2:21in the Colosseum District is really a reaction against Nero, 2:25as a reaction against his excesses.
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