Within about a month, though, the gauge says I’m out of oil again. 1.The scheme contained in the passage is ________. a)generalization b)polling c)general causal reasoning 2.Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a)the first premise (in which Xis correlated with Y) b)the second premise (in which the correlation between Xand Yis not due to chance) c)the third premise (in which the correlation between Xand Yis not due to some mutual cause Z) d)the fourth premise (in which Yis not the cause of X) 3.Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be to ________. a)show that the correlation between Xand Yis due to chance b)show that the correlation between Xand Ycould be due to chance Carefully read the passage. It includes all three of the schemes discussed in this chapter. Determine where and how each is employed, then answer the following questions. It is strongly recommended that you at least dress the argument. You may also want to draw an argument diagram. Passage 12 The open question is what can be done to help. If experiences with other narwhal populations are any guide, time may be running out. Populations off the BC coast have been in decline for decades, according to observations taken by the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and little has worked to restore them. One option that may help is eliminating the presence of fishing vessels in the area. In many other fish populations, removing fishing vessels has resulted in a slow, but steady increase in population. And this is true even if individual food fishing is still permitted. 1.The conclusion of the argument by generalization is that ________. a)most scientists believe the decline in the narwhal population in Canada’s North is due to a permanent and serious decline in their food stocks b)eliminating the presence of fishing vessels in the area causes fish populations to increase slowly but steadily
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