The goddess symbol represents birth, death, and rebirth processes of the natural and human worlds. The female body is viewed as the direct incarnation of waxing and waning , life and death cycles in the universe. The goddess is celebrated in a triple aspect of youth (maiden), maturity, and age. This does not just mean to
physically give birth to another being, but these goddesses were also seen as the creator of the arts of civilization and to have to power to heal. Chapter 3 outline Key Terms:Indigenous Religions- The original religion of the indigenous people- descendants of the original inhabitants of the land. Intertwined with and inseparable from all aspects of society and everyday life. usually no separate word for religion, something you experience in your every day life. Practiced according to ones personal and lived experience so interpretations of gods vary and change as a result of experiences. Ethnocentrism- Belief that your cultural way is the superior way Text based traditions-based on scripturesOral Traditions- passed down by word of mouth therefore no written scriptures Cosmologies-A way of explaining the origin and the evolution of the cosmos or universe. Usually include an act or process of creation by a creator deity or a larger pantheon. Dual Principle of Creation-Incorporating both the male and the female divine. Some are male creators and some are female creatrix (important symbol for women in societies) Creatrix- Female creator; Represented both the symbolic power of women as well as often the real power of women in these communities and were important symbol for women in these societies ex: Changing woman (Navaho) and White Buffalo Calf woman (Lakota)
Three Sisters-important to the plains Indians- represent corn, beans, and squash which were very important food for the people. Women’s roles as cultivators of the soil is important and reflects women’s actual roles as farmer and conservators of thefood. Inuit-Similar to others in circumpolar regions. Life is precarious, cold, and continual threat of starvation. Their religious belief is grounded in the belief that anua(souls) exist in all people and animals. They follow a complex system of taboosto assure that animals will continue to make themselves available to the hunters. Worldview-a system of values, and beliefs which give people a way to understand the world they in and everyday events. (African Religions)Orisha-Elemental spirits that may be male, female, or non-gendered and their representatives may be either male priests or female priestesses. In the African Yoruba society, strong patriarchal rule in the society is challenged by secret societiesof priestesses devoted to different divinities or orishaAltai Princess-considered nobility due to her markings and tattoos and the horses she had buried with her. She held larch stick in her hands and headdress adorned with symbols of her magical powers. She was buried in most sacred of mountains inthe region- the home of the spirit of the goddess.