learning Social Learning Theory Classical Conditioning Watson Influenced by

Learning social learning theory classical

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learning (Social Learning Theory) Classical Conditioning Watson - Influenced by Pavlov - Theoretical goal of science of psychology is prediction and control of behavior Behaviorism 1. Psychology should be an objective science that 2. Studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Psychologists tend to agree with 1. , but generally not with 2. Pavlov - Studied digestive system; first Russian Nobel Prize (1904) - Demonstrated associative learning via salivary conditioning Acquisition - Initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response Extinction - Diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS) Spontaneous recovery - Reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguished conditioned response Generalization - Tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses Discrimination - Learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus (which predicts the
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US) and other irrelevant stimuli Selections from: Learning: Classical Conditioning Learning - The processes of acquiring through experience new information or behaviors Learning allows us to adapt to our environments and survive Ivan Pavlov - Was not a psychologist → didn’t like psychology - Physiologist - Researched digestive systems in dogs - While conducting his investigations, he noticed how the dogs would begin to salivate even before the food arrived Before Conditioning - Unconditioned Stimulus (US) = Unconditioned Response (UR) - Unconditioned Stimulus (US): a stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers an unconditioned response (i.e. Smell/taste of Scooby Snacks) - Unconditioned Response (UR): An unlearned naturally occurring response to an unconditioned stimulus (i.e. Scooby-Doo drooling) - Neutral Stimulus = Unconditioned Response Neutral Stimulus (NS): a stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning (i.e. a bell) - Unconditioned Response (UR): An unlearned, naturally occurring response (i.e.
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