Suffered from discrimination in the hands of turkeys

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Suffered from discrimination in the hands of Turkey’s secular political elites, including a jail term o “The mosques are our barracks... and the believers our soldiers” o Mayor of Istanbul (1994-1998) Turkey’s economy wasn’t doing well in 90’s o 2001 founder of the Justice Development (AKP) o In 2001, the Turkish economy imploded 2002 AKP won the general elections (363/550 seats); Erdogan is elected Prime Minister o Parliamentary democracy More parties, Prime Minster is elected by Parliament, the people elect everyone in Parliament Party who gets majority of Parliament, gets to select prime minister AKP elected Erdogan in Parliament o Prime Minister for 11 years (2003-2004) o First Popularly elected President (2009- Erdogan’s Policies o Free markets and strong state. China, North Korea are similar examples Politicians are second in comparison to corporations
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Opposite in US, corporations rule politicans o Significant economic improvement o Erdogan: combination of capitalism and Islam Wanted to build a mall and a mosque, people protested it o Descuraisation of the Turkish policy State-sponsored mosque building Appointment of thousands and Gulenist (following Gulen, religious leader opposed to secularism) judges who opposed the secularization o Spring of 2007: Confrontation with the military Erdogan attempted to nominate an Islamist as President Armed Forces: “it should not be forgotten that the Turkish armed forced are a side in this debate and are a staunch defender of secularism Erdogan denounced military, called referendum, to have President elected by the people and referendum passed. What makes a presidential system work democratically? Checks and balances Already controlling Judiciary under his control, have taken control of parliament and now try to take control over presidential system Erdogan elected President (2014) Spring 2013, Gezi Park Building Mosque and mall, protested against mall Erdogan went down hard against protestors in Gezi Park Turkey divide in question with the Kurds Repression of press Freedom and more forceful o Widespread electroral support Military Coup: July 15, 2016 (video) Military used force to protect secular state (last in ’97) Failed, everyone was against military coup Turkey
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4/4 Notes from Jo-An Extra Credit for S 4/13 @6:30pm (10 Pts.)
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  • Spring '07
  • Wahlrab

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