What according to you are the reasons for the same

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Indian states. What according to you are the reasons for the same? - punjab/article19934276.ece In 2015, the NGT was forced to stop the practice of stubble burning after thick smog enveloped the northern skies and acute respiratory problems were reported to be worsening in the national capital. The NGT banned the burning of paddy straw in four States — Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh — and Delhi. In its order, the tribunal fixed a penalty for burning paddy residue. The fine for small land owners with less than two acres indulging in crop burning is ° 2,500. For medium landowners holding land over two acres but less than five acres, it is ° 5,000. And those with over five acres have to cough up ° 15,000 for every instance of crop burning. The NGT also ordered the State governments to take punitive action against persistent offenders. It also directed the four States and Delhi to make arrangements to provide machinery free of cost to farmers with less than two acres, ° 5,000 to farmers with medium-sized land holdings, and ° 15,000 to those with large land holdings for residue management. But most of the farmers have not received this amount. The amount given to farmers is insufficient. The process of stubble burning is less time consuming according to the farmers. There are issues on the side of the government as well. There are problems regarding the finances to be provided to the farmers. The State government has also gone on the defensive, stating that the issue of paddy residue burning has been flagged off with the Centre with a demand for compensation to the tune of ° 100 per quintal for management of paddy straw. It has also proposed that such compensation should be given only to those farmers who efficiently manage paddy straw without burning it. Punjab has sought ° 2,000 crore assistance from the Union Agriculture Ministry for this purpose. Urgent intervention of the Central government is needed. Unless financial assistance is provided by the Centre for boosting farm mechanisation, it is difficult to completely stop stubble burning. Farmers in Punjab, especially small and marginal farmers, are already facing severe economic distress. To ask them to remove crop residue mechanically or through environment-friendly measures will only add to their misery. Government has been providing machinery on subsidy, but even that puts an additional burden of around ° 3,000 per acre on farmers for paddy straw management. The State government needs to focus on crop diversification. Instead of paddy [common rice], basmati varieties of rice should be encouraged. Basmati is manually harvested, so the problem of
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30 | Page 9004418746 [email protected] crop residue can be largely curtailed. Also, farming of sugarcane and vegetables needs to be promoted. Setting up more biomass-based energy plants is an option.
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