01 in adulthood while inequality in wealth decreased

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01% in adulthoodWhile inequality in wealth decreased in Canada and other countries up to the 1970s, it hasincreased since thenThe gap between the advantaged and disadvantaged has been widening due to an increase ofwealth and income equality and an increase in the number of poor due to huge steady levels ofunemployment and more part time temp and badly paid jobs.As high economic growth seems to have come to an end indefinitely, increased materialinequality seems to have become persistent.
19:07Research on stratification is extraordinarily mixed as to the influence of race/ethnicity in Canada:Current studies tend to lean toward a continued yet weakening influence of race/ethnicity onstratificationStill, many studies have shown that those from the north and west of Europe and Jews aregenerally in favorable positions, S Europeans and visible minorities are generally indisadvantaged positions and Aboriginal Peoples are at the bottom of Canadian occupationalhierarchy.Responses to inequality:Belief 1: inequality is inevitable and nothing has to be done about itBelief 2: inequality is unjust and something should be done to reduce itSocialist response: overthrow of capitalismReformist response: government redistribution of wealth to the poor (pensions, minimum wagelegislation, unemployment insurance) - think about the decline in growth rates in developedworld and public debtCanada’s welfare policies trust free markets, giving priority to deficit reduction over reduction ofinequality.
19:07Patterns of Racial and Ethnic Group InteractionWhen two or more racial/ethnic groups come into contact there are several patters of interactionseen through history1. Genocide: the deliberate systematic annihilation of an entire population- European settlement of n&s America resembled, in some ways, a genocide. Estimates suggestbetween 40-80% of native population killed- Holocaust: est 6mil jews died (2/3 in Europe)- Armenians: about 1mil killed (1915)- Rwanda: about 1mil Tutsi minority killed (1990)2. Expulsionor population transfer: dominant group forces subordinate group to leave or moveto designated areas- Japanese, German, Italian internment camps during WWI in Canada3. Slavery: technically legal in Canada until 18344. Colonialism: when a racial or ethnic group from one society takes over and dominates anothersociety5. Segregation: “refers to the physical separation of two groups in residence, workplace, socialfunctions, etc.”- blacks across Canada were prohibited from entering restaurant, hotels, barred from mostprofessions, they were also placed in specific schools. This began to change in the 1950s- in BC, Chinese and Japanese could not practice law, pharmacy, be elected to office, work ineducation or civil service- in 20s/30s, Jews in Montreal and Toronto could not work in banking, policing, were barredfrom elite social clubs, beaches, resorts, Universities set limits on number of Jews admitted (rlylow)
19:076. Acculturation: refers to learning the culture of a group different from the one in which a

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Term
Fall
Professor
Carmichael

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