EXCI_206_LECTURE_NOTES_2013_-_COURSE_2

Although the human body can assume an infinite number

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Although the human body can assume an infinite number of positions, one position is used as the reference position for mapping the body. This position is used to name the location of body parts, structures, and points on the body and is called anatomic position. In anatomic position the person is : standing erect facing forward with the arms at the sides the palms facing forward the fingers and thumbs extended
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Directional Terms WORD ORIGINS Ante—From Latin ante, meaning before, in front of Append—From Latin appendo, meaning to hang something onto something Ax—From Latin axis, meaning a straight line Fore—From Old English fore, meaning before, in front of Inter—From Latin inter, meaning between Lat—From Latin latus, meaning side Post—From Latin post, meaning behind, in the rear, after Supra—From Latin supra, meaning on the upper side, above Ana—From Latin ana, meaning up Dors—From Latin dorsum, meaning the back Infer—From Latin inferus, meaning below, lower
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10 EXCI 206 2013 Medial—From Latin medialis, meaning middle Oblique—From Latin obliquus, meaning slanting Rota—From Latin rota, meaning wheel Super—From Latin superus, meaning higher, situated above Tome—From Latin tomus, meaning a cutting Trans—From Latin trans, meaning across, to the other side of Ventr—From Latin venter, meaning belly, stomach Superior = nearer to the head Inferior= nearer to the feet Anterior = nearer to the front Posterior = nearer to the back Superficial = nearer to the surface of the body Deep = farther from the surface of the body Medial = nearer to the median line Lateral = farther from the median line Distal = farther from the trunk Proximal = nearer to the trunk Anatomical planes of the body • Sagittal plane (vertical or “left and right”) • Frontal /coronal plane (vertical or "front and back”) • Transverse plane (horizontal or “upper and lower”)
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11 EXCI 206 2013 Sagittal Plane Movements • Flexion • Extension • Hyperextension
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12 EXCI 206 2013 At the ankle : • Dorsiflexion • Plantar flexion Frontal/Coronal Plane Movements
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13 EXCI 206 2013 – Abduction (Lateral flexion) – Adduction – Elevation – Depression – Eversion – Inversion – Radial flexion (deviation) – Ulnar flexion (deviation)
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14 EXCI 206 2013 Transverse Plane Movements – Left or Right Rotation – Supination – Pronation – Horizontal abduction – Horizontal adduction – Inward (medial, internal) rotation – Outward (lateral, external) rotation)
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15 EXCI 206 2013 Review Questions 1 What are the two major divisions of the human body? 2 What are the 11 major body parts of the human body? 3 What defines a body part? 4 What is the difference between the thigh and the leg?
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  • Winter '12
  • ChantalComeau
  • Major Body Parts

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