574 campylobacter jejuni shigella type 575 s sonnei

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574. Campylobacter jejuniShigella Type575. S. Sonnei
Page 14Cause of Non-GhonococcalUrethritis576. Chlamydia trichomonasPneumonia577. Strep. PneumoniaeUrethritis578. N. ghonorrheaCause of Glomerulonephritis579. IgA Nephropathy = Berger°s DiseaseCause of Viral Pneumonia580. RSV ³ infants581. Parainfluenza ³ kids582. Influenza virus ³ adults583. Adeno virus ³ military recruitsComplication of COPD584. Pulmonary infectionsCause of Death w/ SLE585. Renal failureAtrial Septal Defect586. Ostium Secundum TypeWarm Antibody587. Most common form of immune hemolytic anemia588. IgG auto antibodies to RBC589. See spherocytosis; (+) Coombs° test; complication to CLLImmunodeficiency590. IgA DeficiencyCongenital GIT Anomaly591. Meckel°s Diverticulum: persistence of vitelline duct/yolk sac stalkCause of CongenitalMalformation592. Fetal Alcohol SyndromePharmacologyAutonomic Nervous SystemEpinephrine1.α1,α2,β1,β2Norepinephrine2.α1,α2,β1 (noβ2 activity)GABA3.Causes an inhibitory cell hyperpolarizationMuscarinic-r4.Uses DAG & IP3 as 2ndmessengers5.Parasympathetic controlBethanechol6.Cholinergic.GI & Bladder motility.Txt atonic bladder post-opPilocarpine7.Cholinergic. Pupillary constriciton= miosis. Ciliary constriction= accomodation.8.Txt acute glaucomaIsoflurophate9.Organophosphate. Irreversible acetylcholinesterase (-)rPralidoxime10.±2PAM². Reverses organophosphate binding to acetylcholinesteraseNeostigmine11.Reversible acetylcholinesterase (-)r12. Txt Myasthenia GravisMyasthenia Gravis13.Anitbodies to Ach-r.°g muscular weakness due to Ach°s weak postsynaptic effect @ NMJ. Inactivates-rTubocurium14.Nondepol. Competitive cholinergic N-r (-)r.15.Prevents Ach binding but does not activate NMJ16.Histamine release=BP &bronchospasmTrimethaphan17.Nonselectively binds N-r of the PS- and SNSPancurium18.More potent than tubocurium w/o histamine releaseSuccinylcholine19.Depol. Non competitive (-)r of muscle aciton20.Opens Na Ch.= fasciculations. Closes Na Ch.= paralysis.Continuous infusion.α1 & Eye21.Mydriasis due to norepinephrine. Prazosin (-).M-r & Eye22.Miosis due to Ach. Atropine (-).Sympathetic23.Post ganglionic symapthetic fibers releases norepinephrineParasym.24.Post ganglionic parasympathetic fibers release AchM3-r & Eye25.Contracts sphincter = miosis. Contracts ciliary = accomodation.M2-r & Heart26. Negative chronotropy:HR = vagal arrest27. Negative inotropy:contractilityM3-r & Lung28. BronchospasmsecretionsM3-r & GI29.motility (cramps & diarrhea). Involuntary defecationTacrine30. Acetylcholine esterase (-)r.Txt Alzheimer°sAtropine31. DOC w/ vagal arrestGlycoperrolate32.M-r(-). Antispasmodic. Txt peptic ulcers.Pirenzepine33.M-r(-). Antispasmodic. Txt peptic ulcers.
Page 15Doxacurium34.Most potent competitive non-depol NMJ (-)r. No cardiovascular side effects. No Histamine release.

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
Usmle, Standardized test, USMLE Step 1, United States Medical Licensing Examination

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