Two marks for each of three appropriate criticisms clearly outlined or one mark

Two marks for each of three appropriate criticisms

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Two marks for each of three appropriate criticisms clearly outlined or one mark for each appropriate criticism partially outlined, such as: It fails to explain primary deviance/why people offend in the first place (1 mark), which occurs before they have been labelled (+1 mark). Determinism (1 mark); it wrongly assumes labelling automatically leads to a deviant career (+1 mark). It implies that deviants do not know they are deviant until they are labelled (1 mark), but most know they are defying society’s norms (+1 mark). It fails to explain where labels come from (1 mark), e.g. the shared value system or capitalist ideology (+1 mark). It ignores the possibility that labelling can reduce crime (1 mark); e.g. reintegrative shaming avoids stigmatising the offender by condemning the act not the actor (+1 mark). Other relevant material should be credited. No marks for no relevant points. 6 4
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MARK SCHEME – A-LEVEL SOCIOLOGY – 7192/3R – JUNE 2018 Qu Marking guidance Total marks 03 Applying material from Item A , analyse two reasons for social class differences in official crime statistics. 10 Item A The different agencies of the criminal justice system, such as the police and the courts, are responsible for processing individuals who are suspected of committing crimes. Some individuals may also have greater motivation or pressure to offend, or have more opportunity to do so. Marks Level Descriptors 8−10 Answers in this band will show good knowledge and understanding of relevant material on two reasons for social class differences in official crime statistics. There will be two developed applications of material from the Item, e.g. agencies of the CJS such as the police use taken-for-granted stereotypes or typifications that characterise working-class people as criminal suspects, resulting in selective enforcement; the working class may be under greater pressure to commit economic or property crimes because of their social position. There will be appropriate analysis/evaluation of two reasons, e.g. police stereotypes lead them to concentrate on policing working-class neighbourhoods, apprehending more working-class offenders and producing a self-fulfilling prophecy and class differences in the official statistics; the working class may face blocked opportunities that prevent them obtaining material rewards legitimately and so commit instrumental crime. 4−7 Answers in this band will show a basic to reasonable knowledge and understanding of one to two reasons for social class differences in official crime statistics. There will be some successful application of material from the item, e.g. middle- class criminals have more opportunity to commit large-scale economic crimes, for example company accountants may have access to their employers’ bank accounts.
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  • Summer '19
  • Maria Yvonne Dy

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