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Sara cuko master thesis dir 2 the human rights of

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Sara Cuko – Master Thesis - DIR 2
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The Human Rights of Refugees: The Italian Solution Table of Contents INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................................................. 6 P ROBLEM FORMULATION .................................................................................................................................................. 8 S TRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT ........................................................................................................................................... 8 1. REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS IN ITALIAN ECONOMY, POLITICS AND SOCIOLOGY ............................. 11 2. CONCEPTUALISING THE REFUGEE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ................................................... 15 3. PRINCIPLES OF THE CURRENT REFUGEE REGIME ..................................................................................... 17 3.1 T HE U NIVERSAL D ECLARATION OF H UMAN R IGHTS ............................................................................................... 18 3.2 T HE 1951 C ONVENTION RELATING TO THE S TATUS OF R EFUGEES .......................................................................... 19 3.2.1 The Principle of non-refoulement .................................................................................................................... 22 3.2.2. Economic Social and Cultural Rights ............................................................................................................ 22 3.3 T HE U NITED N ATIONS H IGH C OMMISSIONER FOR R EFUGEES ’ S TATUTE AND MANDATE ......................................... 23 3.4 H UMAN RIGHTS AND R EFUGEES ............................................................................................................................. 24 3.4.1 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights as it applies to refugees ........................................................... 26 3.4.2. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) ............................................................................................................................ 26 3.4.3 United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984) .................................................................................................................................................... 28 3.4.4 A European treaty: the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950) .................................................................................................................................................................................. 29 4. EUROPE: TOWARDS A COMMON EUROPEAN ASYLUM SYSTEM .............................................................. 30 4.1 E UROPEAN D IRECTIVE 2004/83 AND 2005/85 ......................................................................................................... 32 4.2 T HE D UBLIN C ONVENTION AND THE D UBLIN R EGULATION .................................................................................... 32 4.3 T HE E XTERNALISATION OF REFUGEE PROCESSING AND PROTECTION ...................................................................... 33 4.4 T HE CURRENT EU AGENDA AND EFFECTIVE PROTECTION ....................................................................................... 34 5. THE ITALIAN ASYLUM SYSTEM .......................................................................................................................... 36 5.1 L AW 39/1990, “T HE M ARTELLI LAW ...................................................................................................................... 37 5.2 L AW 40/1998, “T HE T URCO -N APOLITANO L AW .................................................................................................... 38 5.3 L AW 189/2002, “B OSSI -F INI .................................................................................................................................. 38 5.4 I NCORPORATION OF E UROPEAN D IRECTIVES .......................................................................................................... 39 5.5 L EGGE S ICUREZZA (S ECURITY P ACKAGE ), 2009 ..................................................................................................... 39 5.6 T HE A GREEMENT WITH L IBYA ................................................................................................................................ 40 5.7 I NTEGRATION FACILITIES AND ASSISTANCE TO REFUGEES ...................................................................................... 41 5. 8 M ILAN ..................................................................................................................................................................... 43 5.9 T URIN ....................................................................................................................................................................... 43 6. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ......................................................................... 44 6.1 D ATA P RESENTATION AND QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS ................................................................................................. 47 7. ANALYSIS OF EMPIRICAL DATA .......................................................................................................................... 48 7.1 U RBAN R EFUGEES AND ECONOMIC , SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SITUATION IN M ILAN ................................................ 48 7.2 M ILAN : P AULOS AND P IAZZA O BERDAN ................................................................................................................. 49 Rights violations ....................................................................................................................................................... 50 Political Will: economic interests, racism and fascism ............................................................................................ 52 Networks and support ............................................................................................................................................... 54 Action: refugee agency or political activity ............................................................................................................. 57 7.3 T URIN M UNICIPALITY : SYNERGIES BETWEEN I NSTITUTIONS AND NGO S ................................................................ 59 7.4 T URIN : B EST P RACTICE ............................................................................................................................................ 60 Strengthening capacities at local level ..................................................................................................................... 60 Residency rights and Integration .............................................................................................................................. 62 7.5 UNHCR I TALY : ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RIGHTS OF REFUGEES .............................................................................. 64 7.6 S UMMARY OF M AJOR FINDINGS ............................................................................................................................... 66 8. DISCUSSION: THE REFUGEE LABEL AND THE REAL REFUGEE NEEDS ................................................. 68 Sara Cuko – Master Thesis - DIR 3
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The Human Rights of Refugees: The Italian Solution 8.1 T HE PHYSICAL GAP IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM INHABITED BY REFUGEES : BETWEEN BORDERS ..................... 69 8.2 R EFUGEES IN IR: THE IDEATIONAL GAP THEY OCCUPY ............................................................................................ 70 8.3 R EFUGEE RIGHTS ...................................................................................................................................................... 71 8.4 R EFUGEES IDENTITY ................................................................................................................................................. 74 9. CONCLUSIONS ........................................................................................................................................................... 77 BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................................................................................. 79 Sara Cuko – Master Thesis - DIR 4
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The Human Rights of Refugees: The Italian Solution Introduction The experience of refugees is a multifaceted life-cycle endurance for those individuals who are forced to migrate from their places of origin, and search protection.
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  • Spring '17
  • ........., Human Rights of Refugees

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