French sociologist social struggles over meaning

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French sociologistsocial struggles over meaningmeaning as a site of social conflictpeople manipulate symbolic systems to their social advantagesystems of meaning are tools of dominationfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Cultural Capitalvalued resource that is struggled fortool of dominationcultural knowledge (verbal skills, cultural awareness, aesthetic preferences, educational credentials, styles of dressing)elite vs working class: each has its own set of resourcesonly the elite is valuedDistinction—Tasteaesthetic preferencespart of our learned cultural capitalused to create class differenceeach class is discerned by its set of tastesa marker and maker of social classTwo classes compete in the cultural arenaelite class of distinction“distance from necessity” produces a distinct of tastestaste of luxuryworking class of necessity“close to necessity”…a different set of tastestastes for necessityTaste for Luxuryelite cultual aestheticfree from material necessities of lifeform over functionabstractness over concretenessneed cultural capital to decode artTaste for Necessitythe popular aestheticworking class concerned with making a livingthis concern translates into a taste for necessitysubstance over form Taste for Luxury vs Taste for Necessitylanguagefind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
home décorclothingeatingbodyWhat is Culture?Culture:a complex collection of values, beliefs, behaviours and material objects shared by a group and passed on from one generation to the next. It is a human constructionComponents of Culture1. Nonmaterial culture:The intangible and abstract components of a society, including values and norms.2. Material culture:The tangible artifacts and physical objects found in a given societyIncludes symbols, language, values, norms (folkways and mores, not lectured on)Cultureit is learnedit is sharedit is transmittedit is cumulativeit is humanSymbolsSymbols:something that stands for or represents something else (i.e. the Canadian Flag).Symbols are powerfulaffect how we view and define ourselves and othersshape how we think about such categories as female and male, and how we define race (think about Mickey Mouse Monopoly) greatly impact our views and beliefs about people and how we relate to them, (which can affect people’s access to resources)LanguageLanguage: shared symbol system of rules and meanings that govern the production and interpretation of speech and communication. oPeople create realitiesof meaning through language and other symbolic systems. oSapir-Whorf hypothesis: argues that language influences how we perceive the world.

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