felt humiliated and resigned as prime minister; tried to induce provisional governments incentral regions to accept fusion with Piedmont; under Cavour’s leadership Piedmont forged ahead economically; events of spring and summer of 1860 proved a nightmare, but he dared not oppose Garibaldi openly, since Piedmont public opinion and the king were enthusiastic about the expedition; his greatest fear was that if Garibaldi and his army of young volunteers (who were mostly democrats) succeeded against all odds in liberating the South what was to stop them from dropping their support for the king and espousing instead the cause of Republicanism esp. if they conquered Rome—Cavour did his best to thwart Garibaldi and his army covertlyKing Victor Emmanuel II- first king of unified Italy; kept the Church and state separate;supported Garibaldi; captured Rome after the Franco-Prussian War and made it the new capital; appointed Cavour as Prime Minister because he was the lesser of two evils
4.What were the main socioeconomic and sociopolitical problems that Italy faced during the thirty years following Unification (1870-1900)? Why?
5.What was significant of the Giolitti era (1900-1921)?