The motivation behind is to expand human knowledge , not to create or invent something that has practical significance. …basic research
Applied Scientific Research 54 Applied research is designed to solve practical problems of the modern world, rather than to acquire knowledge One might say that the goal of the applied scientist is to improve the human condition . It is undertaken to solve immediate practical problem and the goal of adding to the scientific knowledge is secondary.
55 Applied scientists might look for answers to specific questions that help humanity, for example Medical research or environmental studies . Such research generally takes a specific question and tries to find a definitive and comprehensive answer. The purpose of applied research is about testing theories , often generated by pure science, and applying them to real situations, addressing more than just abstract principles. Applied scientific research can be about finding out the answer to a specific problem, such as ‘Is global warming avoidable?’ or ‘Does a new type of medicine really help the patients?’ …Applied Scientific Research
56 Applied research: Is conducted in relation to actual problems and under the conditions in which they are found in practice; Employs methodology that is not as rigorous as that of basic research; Yields findings that can be evaluated in terms of local applicability and not in terms of universal validity. …Applied Scientific Research
Classification of Research based on the Specific Objectives of Research 57 Research also addresses specific purposes. Your interest could be describing a phenomenon of interest or explaining causal link between two variables. Or you may be interested in comparing two or more groups on the basis of a particular phenomenon. Hence, according to the specific objectives research can be classified as: 1. Descriptive, 2. Explanatory, or 3. Exploratory research.
1. Descriptive Research 58 Descriptive research sets out to describe and to interpret “what is …” It looks at individuals, groups, institutions, methods and materials in order to describe, compare, contrast, classify, analyze and interpret the entities and the events that constitute the various fields of inquiry. It aims to describe the state of affairs as it exists .
59 Descriptive research, therefore, involves a variety of research methods to achieve its goal. The methods that come under descriptive research are: 1. Surveys 2. Correlation studies 3. Observation studies 4. Case studies …Descriptive Research
Surveys 60 Surveys gather data at a particular point in time with the intention of describing the nature of existing conditions, or identifying standards against which existing conditions can be compared, or determining the relationships that exist between specific events.
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- Winter '19
- DR. Tesfa
- scientific research, research and Applied research