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Goal to protect trade and commerce against unlawful

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goal to “protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies”.-banned monopolies and trusts to get around free trade (competition was to remain in themarketplace)-the goal was to get corporations to act like responsible citizensimage 9 “Bosses of the Senate”
History 2057 NotesMadison Morgan8Thorstein Veblen “Theory of the Leisure Class”-conspicuous consumption-critique of the newly rich and he observed middle class families who tried to emulate thenewly richshopping became a more normal practice after the Civil War — in 1872 Montegomery Wardproduced its first shopping catalog. This became so popular that he opened a large departmentstore in Chicago on Michigan Ave. This showsRobber Baronswere not the only ones whoflourished int he gilded age.the working class did not have access to such luxuries. Jacob Riis was a photographer andpublisher in New York who published a photo book in the 1890s entitled “How the Other HalfLived” (Upper East Side v. Lower East Side). Most of his photographs were immigrants in thelower east side who lived in overcrowded apartments.9/7Work & Labor 1870-1906New factories industrial workers worked 60 hour weeks (today is 40 hour) with no pension,retirement plan, or protection against unemployment. They hired children to do labor and sweatshops got immigrant women to work. In general, they gotlittle pay to work in dangerousconditions. 35,000 workers died each year from 1890-1900.The Jungle(Upton Sinclair 1906)-immigrants working in the meat packing district of Chicago — “packing town”-where animals arrived and were packed (unsanitary conditions)-Document 3C is a description of the slaughter house-lead to the Food and Drug Act of 1906Workers organized in to a union that worked to lower the working hours. “Eight-HourDay”— rally cry for American workers.labor unions: organization of workers banned together to achieve the common goal to benefittheir job and work conditions1.Knights of Labor— largest labor union of the country founded by two garnet workersin 1880s. Terrance Powderly (3D describes the knights of labor and their philosophy)was a founder of this union.identifies the problem — workers do not get to enjoy what they doidentifies the goal — workers to enjoy the fruits of their work by forming a laborunion
History 2057 NotesMadison Morgan9-11th reform banned workshops and mines to not hire anyone under 12-12th reform banned convict labor-supported graduated income tax to charge higher rates on their bosses-wanted to replaces wage system with cooperative systems-13th reform was equal pay for equal work — created a department to investigate equal payfor equal work (for women especially)-criticized as socialist by others2.American Federation of Labor— more successful and longer lasting, but not as largeas the Knights of Labor. The leader was Samuel Gompers who was a skilled cigar workerand thought of several ways the Knights of Labor were not implementing their goals.

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OUTLAND
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