Philosophy Discussion Day 15

If a capacity is so worthy of respect then we have an

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4. If a capacity is so worthy of respect then we have an obligation to foster  that capacity o if it’s valuable enough to entitle a right to it, then we have the obligation  to foster it o we must help people foster their capacities, just as we cannot harm  people’s capacities 5. Primacy of rights theorists value the capacity to choose above all o individuals rights are so important because that’s the most important  right that a human possesses 6. But, the capacity for truly autonomous can be developed only in certain  kinds of societies o difference between choosing what to eat for dinner and how to lead  your life
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o diverse and heterogeneous and democratic participation o can’t develop them in isolation o atomism is false:  you’re human capacity to choose can only be developed in certain  societies 7.  It follows from 5 and 6 that therefore, we have an obligation to belong to  those kinds of societies hence, the assertion of the primacy of rights is incoherent o it turns out that what they claim is unconditional presupposes that  which they think is derivative the individual rights are not derivate, the belonging is derivative it goes from belonging to rights rather than rights to  belonging man is essentially a creature having desire and fulfilling and pursuing those  desires o no primacy of rights theorists want to endorse a substantive lists of  rights; if that’s all man essentially was all you’d get were a simple list of  rights  even if we need to live in societies in order to develop our capacity, it’s  possible we could develop that capacity in the state of nature o it’s not clear that you can develop that capacity in the state of nature,  and so you need a political society of a certain kind  o taylor requires a great diversity of conception of the good life there’s a difference between helping you doing something and helping you by  not doing it; how do I help you have freedom of speech in any other way than  not interfering; premise 4 doesn’t add anything to premise 1 and then  everything that follows would be invalid taylor would respond by telling people to engage in democratic debate and  things of that nature Question 9: What does Rawls mean by the “burdens of judgment”?  Is he right  about the existence and degree of the “burdens of judgment”?  If he were, would it  follow that no one ought to appeal to their religious convictions in defense of their  political views?
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