traditionally romantics opposed the rise of reason, liberal politics and human rights -green romanticism rejects core Enlightenment principles, pointing to the einvi-ronemntal destruction caused by modern scicent and technology wielded by hu-man arrogance -ecological subjectivity -ecoterrorism Chapter 10: New Society: Green Politics (Dryzek)-German Green parties -social ecolgoy: Murray Bookchin, hierarchy, radical municipalism -transition towns-new materialism -red and green -eco marxists -ecosocialist international -environmental justice -environmental racism -environmentalism of the poor -antigolbalization -UNFCCC-Realo green -green politics -green radicalism -GreenPeace-capitalism Chapter 1 and 2 (VanN)Chapter 2: The Environmental Movement in Canada: Current Challenges
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Current Context -There are four main features of Canada’s federal environmental policy landscape that have actively shaped the current context for the Canadian environmental movement 1) Lack of federal leadership on environmental policy 2) The diminished federal capacity for environmental science 3) The marginalization of environmental voices 4) The increasing influence of the oil and gas industry in Canada1) Lack of Federal Leadership -The federal government of Liberal Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau ushered in the formation of a Department of the Environment as well as 9 major environmental laws in his first term as Prime Minister (1968-72) -Conservative Prime Minister Brian Mulroney (1984-93) has been recognized as thegreenest Prime Minister in Canadian history for his role in addressing acid rain, the ozone hole, and climate change -There are critical roles that only the federal government can occupy, including be-ing the arbiter in environmental disputes between provinces, being the broker of nationally important policy discussion, negotiating international agreements, and implementing new national environmental policies and regulations -Further, the federal government has traditionally brokered policy debates of na-tional importance: on health care, constitutional reform, and Aboriginal concerns -These policy debates have helped to inform federal action on potentially con-tentious issues-The federal government’s active avoidance of brokering a national conversation about the development of Canada’s energy resources is frustrating a growing number of Canadians-The most notable environmental file is climate change, which has been identified by Canada’s environmental community as one of the most pressing challenges facing the country -Some provinces are moving ahead and engaging in ambitious carbon emissionsreductions -The development of province-by-province climate policies means that a patch-work of approaches is beginning to emerge across Canada with little to no co-ordi-nation from the federal level-This lack of federal co-ordination makes harmonization difficult and results in higher implementation costs due to reduce economies of scale, inconsistent moni-toring and enforcement of environmental legislation, and difficulty in assessing whether national pollution reduction targets will be reached
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