Group members are all physically present, but members operate independently. Permits the group to meet formally but does not restrict independent thinking, as does the interacting group. Nominal groups outperform brainstorming groups. Steps for a nominal group: Each member independently writes down his/her ideas on the problem.
After this silent period, each member presents one idea to the group. The ideas are discussed for clarity. Each group member rank-orders the ideas. The idea with the highest aggregate ranking determines the final decision. Chapter 10: Understanding Work Teams Why are teams popular? Teams can achieve feats an individual could never accomplish. Teams are flexible and responsive to changing events. They can quickly assemble, deploy, refocus, and disband. They are an effective means to democratize organizations and increase employee involvement. They introduce a collaborative mindset. If there is good synergy (MAGIC) 2 + 2 could = 5 or 6 If there is social loafing 2 + 2 could = 2 or 3 lol Team Context: What factors determine whether teams are successful? Adequate Resources Leadership and Structure Climate of Trust Performance Evaluations and Rewards Holy grail of teamwork is?? Team Composition: How should teams be staffed? Abilities of members Personality Allocating roles Diversity Cultural differences
Size of teams Member preferences Team Processes Common Plan and Purpose Reflexivity When the plan doesn’t work. Change it. Specific Goals Team Efficacy Self confidence Team Identity Team Cohesion Mental Models Conflict Levels Social Loafing Creating Team Players Selecting: hire team players Training: create team players Rewarding: incentives to be a good team player When not to use teams… Ask: Can the work be done better by one person? Does the work create a common goal or purpose? Are the members of the group interdependent? Team magic Daunting Goal Short deadline Lean staffing Creating cognitive dissonance
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- Fall '08
- Sociology, group leader, Group Outcomes