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Paper 2 - Final Draft

This particular essay was one of the first articles

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This particular essay was one of the first articles that I originally came upon during my research. My initial focus for my paper was around the psychological condition of Nick and how Hemingway’s novel displays that. But after doing further research, the focus of my paper shifted. However, this article gave me the idea of including structure in my overall argument. Moddelmog, Debra A. "The Unifying Consciousness Of A Divided Conscience: Nick Adams As Author Of In Our Time." American Literature 60.4 (1988): 591. Academic Search Premier . Web. 25 Feb. 2013. In her essay, Debra Moddelmog examines the possibility of Nick Adams being a direct representation of Hemingway. She mentions the risk Hemingway takes in making a novel that is close to the line distinguishing fact from fiction. She goes so far as to argue that In Our Time could be read as an autobiography because of its relations to the Nick Adams stories and Hemingway’s own history. Moddelmog depicts Nick as a hero and she focuses her attention largely towards the last story of In Our Time , “Big Two-Hearted River”. She discusses the connection between Nick reminiscing and thinking about his life to the stories and vignettes that describe it more in detail. Moddelmog’s essay was the second primary argument source that I included in my paper. She contrasted Brogan’s argument because she sees In Our Time as a book with one consistent character, not just a mix of short stories with no apparent connection between them. Debra Moddelmog is a professor at Ohio State University with a concentration in modernism, twentieth-century American literature and gender and sexuality
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14 studies. She has two published books as well as various articles about these different topics. Young, Philip. "Adventures of Nick Adams." Nick Adams . Ed. Bloom Harold. N.p.: Chelsea House, 2004. 7-26. Print. Philip Young illustrates Nick as a hero but also what he terms “a wounded man”. He mentions how the last story in In Our Time depicts the life of a sick man who needs to be physically occupied in order to avoid experience traumatic flashbacks from the war. He discusses how the issue of Nick Adams is not found in the first half of the book in which Nick is faced with seeing a suicide, and breaking up with a girl he claims he loves. Instead, it is in the depictions of war and what happened as he went to war. Young provides an argument saying that in these instances, Nick is directly facing violence and death, which is to a larger scale, more painful and traumatic than what he experienced as a child. I used Young’s essay to help prove my point of how much Nick changed mentally after he returned from the war. His descriptions of Nick clearly depict how much the war had an affect on Nick. Philip Young was a professor of English at various schools all over the United States and Europe. He has written numerous novels and articles, many of which discuss Hemingway and his work. Also, he has won several scholarly awards for his work.
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