The USA has only more recently begun to utilize CCTV systems in its larger cities. The Boston marathon bomber was caught using CCTV footage. The District of Columbia has a massive CCTV system, but it has been hacked and corrupted several times. This begs the question; What type of security measures are in place for CCTV systems?
Ethics of Commercial Surveillance ● Who should be allowed to view CCTV footage? ○ Business Owners? (CEO’s, Security Personnel, President, Vice President, etc) ○ Law Enforcement Officials? (State & Local, NSA, CIA, FBI, etc.) ○ If a private company owns and operates its own CCTV cameras on its own property, should they be required to share the footage with law enforcement? ■ What if the cameras capture areas outside its property lines? ● Where should cameras be placed? ○ Should commercial surveillance cameras be allowed inside offices, rooftops, restroom entrances/exits, etc? ○ Should private CCTV systems be allowed to record anyone in public areas? (Outside a private business but on public property) ● How long should CCTV recordings be kept?
Internet Surveillance Internet companies have realized just how valuable their customer information is. By selling this information to advertisers they are making almost pure profit. User information only has to be stored for a short period of time before being sold to other companies. ● Some users feel that the gathering and selling of their personal information is an invasion of their privacy. However, if a person is willingly sharing his or her information on the internet, is it really unethical for businesses to capitalize on this? ● The Federal Communications Commission adopted rules that would require companies to get consent from the end-user, but Congress recently killed these regulations (Narayanan, 2017) ● The information that companies collect tracks a person’s online behavior. This information is put into machine-learning algorithms that are used to make judgements about us. ● A recent Princeton project has found web tracking to be extremely vast and sophisticated, with hundreds of companies devoted to tracking the end-user from site to site (Narayanan, 2017).
Summary of Commercial Surveillance ● Commercial surveillance will continue as is for the time being Previous legal hearings show government doesn't want to interfere with the way things are currently Some users are feel their privacy rights are being infringed upon The future of commercial surveillance only has room to grow Current commercial surveillance has been shown to help save lives but can also be used to the public's detriment
The National Security Agency collects and compiles a vast database of information on individuals from internet companies and devices. Some criticize
- Summer '16
- Closed-circuit television, government surveillance