Evil suffered deficiency caused by the flourishing

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- Evil suffered - deficiency caused by the flourishing activity of something else, occurs because something else is good on its on way Evil done – absence of goodness in the one to whom it can be ascribed. -Since there must be good for evil to exist, and God created all good, there is a sense in which the origin of evil is God. 6. What is Aquinas’ view of the soul-body relationship ? Explain, and be sure to incorporate his views on form and matter . Compare and contrast this with Plato’s dualist view and a materialist view. - Aquinas theory of Soul and Body is in the middle of Dualism and Physicalism. He believes that all people are composite individuals. The Soul is subsistent (doesn’t depend on the body), immaterial and immortal. The Body is different from different bodies (i.e Pen) because we are intellectual beings. All things in nature are composite of form and matter, and forms are in all things. 7. Explain Aquinas’ epistemological theory of “ abstraction .” Be sure to discuss the role of the senses in the process of understanding. -Potential Intellect: Blank Slate- empty at birth, can learn or acquire any form - Active Intellect: Our Minds naturally seek form and Meaning -Senses: forms stored in intellect 8. Explain the role of the intellect and will in happiness, as well as how, for Aquinas, the latter does not merely consist in a “feeling.”
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-Intellect is what makes human desire or attracted to what perfects or fulfills them. The object of the will is the Good without reserve, nothing can satisfy our will except such goodness, which is found, not in anything created, but in God alone. Happiness is not “whatever turns you on,” it is some final good at which we aim for, otherwise would for ever be aiming and never be satisfied or at rest. Nothing other than God can claim this title, God is “the final good at which we aim.” 9. Aquinas distinguishes between two kinds of happiness : perfect (beatitude) and imperfect (natural flourishing). Describe what each consists of in as much detail as possible. Perfect Happiness: -Beatitude -Super Natural -Resurrection ( Souls wanting of the body) Imperfect Happiness: - Flourishing ( Happiness) - More than a feeling, or emotion - -“not whatever turns you on” - Cause of the wills movement and choice of means to an end - Happiness is objective, Moral (not what we want, what we should want) - Ultimate End -Natural - Need a body ( body prevents perfect happiness)
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