Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

512 begging the sayp reported that about one in a

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5.12 Begging The SAYP reported that about one in a thousand children claimed to engage in begging for money or
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food in public for three hours a week or more. Over half of them (57%) said they spent 12 hours or more per week on this activity. Apart from the length of time taken up by begging, and the effect that this may have on a child’s education, it could also reduce the child’s sense of self-worth. Nearly two thirds of children begging (61%) were in households where both parents were absent. Where both parents were present, children were much more unlikely to be engaged in begging. Children living on the streets were not covered by the SAYP. Qualitative research shows that many children living on the streets engage in begging for food or money. Begging was seen as a priority in six of the nine provincial workshops, on par with HIV/AIDS. Begging by street children should be addressed as part of the action steps on street children (see 7.3). However, no clear guidance or consensus on what to do emerged during the consultations. Some of the suggestions made were extremely punitive, which seems inappropriate. (86) Consultation aimed at identifying appropriate action should be held with urban local authorities, with organisations working with street children and others. Lead institution: DrSD ; Secondary institution: DPLG, LG. New policy? Yes. Once off cost : minimal. Recurrent cost : cost depends on proposed solution. Time line: To be done within one year of adoption of policy. 5.13 Performing arts In terms of the BCEA, children are allowed to work in advertising, sports, artistic or cultural activities under specified conditions. The ILO Minimum Age for Admission to Employment Convention of 1973 allows for the granting of individual exemptions in such cases, after consultation with organisations of the employers and employees concerned, and provided certain safeguards are in place. This work can potentially contribute to children’s learning, provided safety measures are in place. It is often not possible for adults to take the place of children in this activity. The work can be detrimental if it takes place in uncontrolled conditions. There are no reliable figures on the number of children doing such work, but it is believed to be relatively low. This type of work was not seen as a priority in any of the nine provincial workshops. Employment Conditions Commission (ECC) is taking account of children in performing arts as it finalises a recommendation on sectoral determination. This determination should set a sufficient regulatory framework. Keeping records of licences issued should also provide a more solid base of information on this area of child work. (87) The Department of Labour must ensure the determination is implemented . Implementation measures should include establishing direct links for regular communication between inspectors and DL officials dealing with applications for permission for such work. This will ensure that permissions are informed by what inspectors find on the ground, including whether conditions for past permissions have been complied with.
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