requires that what is not for the public should be kept confidential and information relating to evaluation should be kept confidential until the best evaluated bidder has been notified of the award.
Public Policy and Administration Research ISSN 2224-5731(Paper) ISSN 2225-0972(Online) Vol.6, No.8, 2016 26 3.0 Ethics in Public Procurement Most people tend to define ethics as being primarily concerned with issues such as bribes and confidentiality. However, ethics is concerned with values which is a general term relating to those things which people regard as good, bad, right, desirable or justifiable. In summary, ethics is concerned with the moral principles and values which govern our beliefs, actions and decisions. Procurement ethics refers to the ability to differentiate between what is right from what is wrong when conducting public affairs (procurement). Ethics is particularly important because of the temptation public officials are exposed to during the process of acquiring goods, services and works for government. Ethics and integrity of public officials are critical components of successful public procurement reform strategy, successful public procurement reforms in Africa and their implementation depends on procurement staff and public officials who have a minimum code of moral behavior when conducting public affairs. A public procurement official with a high moral standard contributes to effectiveness of the procurement process thus service delivery. In addition to having procurement qualifications and relevant training, procurement staffs are expected to exercise professionalism by adhering to a code of ethics. Professionalism which is generally defined by the status, methods or standards within a career area is a means to help control corruption. Being a professional, does not eliminate the possibility of individual members being corrupt, instead, it helps control improper behaviour by allowing actions to be judged against standards accepted by the profession. Dobler & Burt, (1996) define a profession as; “a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intense preparation including instruction in skills and methods, maintaining by force of organization or concerted opinion high standards of achievement and conduct, and committing its members to continued study and to a kind of work to which has for its prime purpose the rendering of a public service”. Lyson (2000) defines a professional as; “a type of higher grade, non-manual occupation with both subjectivity and objectivity recognized occupation status, possessing a well defined area of study or concern and providing definite service after advanced training and education.” Therefore, the Government of Uganda, Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Act, (2003) Section 93(1) and Regulations (2006) First Schedule Part Brequires Procurement Officers to sign a code of ethical conduct.
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