A weight gain b nervousness c bradycardia d

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A. Weight gain B. Nervousness C. Bradycardia D. Constipation
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A. CORRECT: Weight gain and fluid retention are adverse effects of oral prednisone due to the effect of sodium and water retention. B. Nervousness and insomnia are adverse effects of beta agonists, not glucocorticoids. C. Tachycardia are adverse effects of prednisone and beta agonists. D. Diarrhea is an adverse effect of prednisone. Constipation is an adverse effect of tiotropium A nurse is caring for a client who states she has been taking phenylephrine nasal drops for the past 10 days for sinusitis. The nurse should assess the client for which of the following adverse effects of this medication? A. Sedation B. Nasal congestion C. Productive cough D. Constipation A. I nsomnia, rather than sedation, is an adverse effect of this medication. B. CORRECT: When used for over 5 days, rebound nasal congestion can occur when taking nasal sympathomimetic medications, such as phenylephrine. C. P henylephrine can cause a headache, but productive cough is not an adverse effect of this medication. D. Constipation is an adverse effect of first generation antihistamines, but is not caused by sympathomimetic medications such as phenylephrine. A nurse is teaching a client who has a new prescription for dextromethorphan to suppress a cough. The nurse should instruct the client to monitor for which of the following adverse effects of this medication? A. Diarrhea B. Anxiety C. Sedation D. Palpitations A. Dextromethorphan can cause nausea. B. P henylephrine can cause anxiety and irritability. C. CORRECT: Dextromethorphan can cause sedation. Advise the client to avoid activities that require alertness. D. P henylephrine can cause tachycardia and palpitations. A nurse is teaching the family of a child who has cystic fibrosis and a new prescription for acetylcysteine. Which of the following information should the
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nurse include in the instructions? A. "Expect this medication to suppress your cough." B. "Expect this medication to smell like rotten eggs." C. "Expect this medication to cause euphoria." D. "Expect this medication to turn your urine orange." A. A cetylcysteine can stimulate a cough. Dextromethorphan suppresses a cough. B. CORRECT: Acetylcysteine has a sulfur content that causes a rotten-egg odor. C. Dextromethorphan can cause euphoria at high doses. Acetylcysteine can cause drowsiness. D. Discoloration of urine is an adverse effect of COMT inhibitors. Acetylcysteine can cause diarrhea. A nurse is teaching a client who has a new prescription for diphenhydramine for allergic rhinitis. The nurse should instruct the client to monitor for which of the following adverse reactions of this medication? (Select all that apply.) A. Dry mouth B. Nonproductive cough C. Skin rash D. Drowsiness E. Urinary hesitation A. CORRECT: Dry mouth is an anticholinergic manifestation that can occur when a client takes diphenhydramine.
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