Two Kinds of Imperatives or Commands An imperative tells you what you should do

Two kinds of imperatives or commands an imperative

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Two Kinds of “Imperatives” or Commands An imperative tells you what you should do Hypothetical imperatives tells you that you should do this if you want something else
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Two Kinds of “Imperatives” or Commands 1. Hypothetical Imperative: an action you should do if you want to promote some goal or end you already have. For example: “Study for the test” is a good command to heed if you want to pass the test. That is, the command depends on your desires for its force. In other words,
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Two Kinds of “Imperatives” or Commands Hypothetical imperative: “if you want so- and-so, then you ought to do such-and- such.” Hypothetical imperative states that certain acts are required if you desire to fulfill a certain desire, outcome or purpose. So, if you want to go to college, then you ought to take your SAT.
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Two Kinds of “Imperatives” or Commands Hypothetical imperatives stand in contrast to what Kant called categorical imperatives. These bind us no matter what our desires may be. 1. Categorical Imperative : A moral directive from reason that is binding without condition; a command that applies to all rational beings, no matter what. Example: “Don’t use someone for your own purposes
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9.2 The Categorical Imperative Imperative: a command or order Categorical: without qualification Duty-defined morality .... No exceptions ....
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9.2 The Categorical Imperative According to Kant, we must ignore the consequences because they tempt us away from our duty. Our Reason tells us what is the right thing to do. We musn’t let our emotions (fear and desire) fudge the line ....
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9.2 The Categorical Imperative Hypothetical imperative ...... if you want this result, you should do this .... G/F, SAT Categorical imperative ...... you should do this (regardless of your wants .... )
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Hypothetical vs Categorical Imperatives hypothetical "oughts" if you want to gamble you ought to go to Vegas (or Mt.Pleasant) if you want to pass the course you ought to complete the assignments if you want to get yourself hassled try giving the next policeman you see the finger
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Should I Lie?
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Universalizable means Not self-defeating Reversible Consistently applied
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9.3 Kant’s Arguments on Lying
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