PreventionAlthough there is no cure for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) currently, studieshave found that there is certain activities, which can help expectant women to prevent ASD.Mothers should, therefore, take preventive steps to increase their chances of deliveringhealthy babies, who are free from ASD. It was found that brain development begins as earlyas the second trimester, for autistic children. Therefore, there are important factors to put inplace starting from conception, to prevent autism in the growing fetus, such as reducingexposure to toxins. Studies show that the environment plays a role in the development ofautism (Cognitive skills in children with autism vary and improve, 2019). In a study, it wasfound that the children who are born to mothers who have been exposed to high levels ofpollution were at a higher risk of developing ASD. Therefore pregnant women can avoidairborne toxins by wearing facemasks, to avoid toxic inhalations, and it is essential thatstaying indoors when the air quality is staggering low. In the period of pregnancy, womenshould practice a habit of avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco because they are the riskfactors. Avoiding canned food and too much cell phone use is essential.
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS 9Eating organic diets, which is rich in green vegetables and fruits, especially thosecontaining antioxidants are effective, as they have a significant impact on unborn babies.Eating at least 80 grams of protein a day especially from lean sources such as turkey. Nutsand chicken is highly recommended. Taking folic acid has been proven by the healthscientists to boost the unborn baby’s growth and development health-wise. Drinking at leasteight glasses of water every day, and maintaining a modest weight gain of 25 to 35 poundsduring the pregnancy period is essential. Regular checkups throughout pregnancy with afamily physician and obstetrician are very important, as they have a positive impact on theunborn child (Ridley, 2019). During the checkups, the mothers should be immunized againstthe dreadful German measles normally called rubella, including getting short of influenzavaccine. The viral infections can cause serious interference with the growth and development,by affecting the baby’s brain cells, hence, altering the neural connections. Taking all kinds ofprecautions, to avoid gestational diabetes can greatly help to lower the risk of ASD (Ridley,2019). If possible, the mothers should avoid prescription drugs, especially theantidepressants, as they can cause unintended outcomes.The autistic brainIn research that was undertaken in the Psychiatry Department in Cambridge, and theyaimed at understanding the biomedical causes of ASD (Baron-Cohen, 2016). They used themolecular genetic studies to understand the “susceptibility genes”. In collaboration withresearchers at the Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, they were able to find out specificfunctional and structural differences in the brain anatomies of people with ASD (Baron-Cohen, 2016). They discovered that a particular part of the brain that s called the amygdala islow inactivity in people with ASD. ASD affects mostly the males, more than females;