Religious view suggest that this is proof of the

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Chapter 13 / Exercise 13.235
Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
Keller
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Religious view: Suggest that this is proof of the divine Biology: Evolutionary biologists suggest that religiosity is an element of our brain oSome claim it is a by-product of our intelligence oMost see it as an adapted characteristic that promotes our survival promoting cooperation within the group Promotes collective consciousness a la Durkheim °°°Idealism vs. Structuralism Sociologists studying the origins of religion don’t focus on its cognitive roots oFocus on what causes particular types of religions to emergeThis work is split between idealists and structuralistso–Most accept aspects of each but favor one (usually structural)Idealists:Religions are shaped by individuals and the ideas they possess, so individual ideas drive religions oAgency and ideas of individuals shape religion oMohammed, Jesus, other prophets Structuralists: Suggests that certain social environments promote certain types of religion oProvide a variety of examples °°Structural View Aristotle: “men create the gods after their own image, not only with regard to form, also w/ regard t their manner of life”
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Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
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Chapter 13 / Exercise 13.235
Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
Keller
Expert Verified
Organization of power:Places w/ powerful rulers have mighty, vengeful god (not gods) oSuggests monotheism is a result of political form (emerged w/ states) Hunter-Foragers: Usually have more egalitarian religions, many gods, worship environment Settled Agriculture:Linked to religions that separate humans from nature and claim that humans are the rightful masters of the earth.Quote Nothing similar in religions of hunter-foragers Daniel Quinn’s Ismael: Suggests this view of humanity’s rightful control of the earth is linked to settled agriculture and is the most powerful discourse present Effects of Religion Sociologists usually focus on how religion affects social relations instead of the determinants of religionWeber: Thought religion contributed to capitalist development Nation:A # of scholars find that religion commonly informs and promotes national identities oReligions promote collective communities oPolitical leaders exploit and copy the tools religions use to build communal identities Education: Evidence that Protestant missionaries promoted mass education in large parts of the word Religion and Democracy Common claim that Protestantism was associated w/ democracy in Europe oSome disagree—say social environment promoted both Protestantism and democracy Robert Woodberry: Tests this argument by seeing whether places w/ protestant missionaries have higher levels of democracy oFinds that Protestant missionaries are strongly related to democratization oMechanisms: Education, vibrant press, support for religious freedom, associationalism °°°Conflict and Religion
Conflict perspective generally sees religion as a source of conflict and a means of control.

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