ch10

Psychology in Action

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Instructor's Resource Guide                               Chapter 10                                          Page  48        
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A. Committed Relationships – The expectations of men and women toward marriage are explored. The effects of divorce on children are noted. Psychology at Work: Are Your Marital Expectations Unrealistic?- Factors for a successful marriage are discussed including shared personal feelings and life goals, shared power and mutual support, conflict management skills, similarity in values, supportive social environment, and positive attitude. B. Families - Families play an important role in development. Family violence, teenage pregnancies, and teen parenthood can have significant effects on development. Research Highlight: Children Who Survive Despite the Odds – Studies citing the importance of resilience and the traits and environmental circumstances surrounding them is explored. Psychology at Work: Positive Careers and Rewarding Retirements – The importance of choosing a rewarding career and the value of involvement and activity in retirement are explored. Theories of aging are explored. The activity theory suggests people should remain active and involved throughout the entire life span, while the disengagement theory proposes that the elderly naturally withdraw because they welcome the relief from roles they can no longer fulfill. Gender and Cultural Diversity: Cultural Differences in Ageism - Significant gender and ethnic differences in the status and treatment of the elderly are explored. IV. GRIEF AND DEATH A. Grief - Grief is a natural and painful reaction to a loss. For most people, grief consists of four major stages--numbness, yearning, disorganization and despair, and resolution. It is important to remind students that there is no "right" way to grieve. B. Attitudes Toward Death and Dying - There is great variation across cultures and among age groups in their attitudes toward the death process. While adults generally understand the permanence, universality, and nonfunctionality of death, children often don't master these concepts until around the age of seven. C. The Death Experience – Western societies avoid thoughts and discussions of death and associate aging with death which contributes to ageism. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's theory of the five-stage process of dying (denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance) offers important insight and education concerning death. Psychology at Work: Dealing With Your Own Death Anxiety - Students are given the opportunity to compare their score on the “Death Anxiety Questionnaire” to the national average. Instructor's Resource Guide                               Chapter 10                                          Page  49        
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 T eaching R esources SECTION I - MORAL DEVELOPMENT Learning Objectives #’s 1 - 3 Lecture Lead-Ins #'s 1, 2 Discussion Questions # 1
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