8 What happened to the indigenous population after the Conquest during the

8 what happened to the indigenous population after

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8. What happened to the indigenous population after the Conquest during the Colonial Period in terms of demographics? About 95% of the population was wiped out. 9. What were some causes of Indian Depopulation? Spanish/Portuguese Land Use Patterns, Conversion of Land to European Crops, Introduction of Old-World Diseases, and Forced slave labor. 10. In terms of economic development, which countries are among the poorest? Haiti, Nicaragua, Bolivia , Honduras 11. (a) Which South American country had three decades of conflict with two different insurgent groups, FARC and ELN, that controlled territory and parts of the drug trade? (b) From which country did the FMLN come from? (c) How many people (principally civilians) died at the hands of the military in El Salvador during the Civil War? (a) Colombia (b) El Salvador (c) around 75,000 12. What is ‘Impunity’? Why is it important in understanding Latin American political culture? Impunity is the allowance of corrupt behaviors to occur (lack of punishment for illegal behavior). It is important because Latin America has a long history of impunity (struggle to maintain balance in the political world) and for that is the reason why it is still part of the developing world. 13. The Mexico City Earthquake of last Tuesday – what did it reach on the Richter Scale? What was the death toll (so far)? What happened 32 years earlier in Mexico City? How many people died? The Earthquake reached a 7.1 on the richter scale. The death toll so far is around 305 people. A magnitude 8 earthquake hit the area and killed 10,000 people 32 years ago. Chapter 5 – Caribbean 14. Caribbean Climate question; Hurricanes in the Caribbean 2017; Barbuda; Puerto Rico Barbuda was hit by Irma as a cat 5 hurricane. Puerto Rico was devastated by Irma and Maria. Hurricanes enter through lesser Antilles (small islands underneath the big islands). 15. What are ‘Maroon’ societies/cultures Systematic study of the communities formed by escaped slaves in the Caribbean, Latin America, and the United States 16. What is the language breakdown of Caribbean peoples? European and blended (spanish, french, english, and dutch) 17. ‘Back migration’: People from Suriname might migrate to which country; People from Jamaica might migrate to which country? People from Suriname might migrate to Netherlands, while people from Jamaica might migrate to the United States. 18. The United States was the first colony to gain independence in the Americas; which first Latin American country was to gain independence in 1804. Haiti 19. “Operation Bootstrap” was used to improve what aspect of Puerto Rico’s economy? Move from an agrarian economy to an industrial one. (from labor intensive to capital intensive) 20. As of 2011, which Caribbean island hosted the largest number of visitors? Dominican Republic 21. Which Caribbean country receives the most per capita remittances? Jamaica 22. Which Caribbean country has had an antagonistic relationship with the United States ever since its “revolution”? Cuba 23. Which island has the most U.S. citizens (3.5 million), and technically the largest group of Americans outside of the Electoral College system (Presidential elections)? Puerto Rico
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