The imprisonment of labor leader eugene debs for

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the imprisonment of labor leader Eugene Debs for defying the strike cessation court order represented an unholy alliance among big business, the federal government, and the judiciary against working people.
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b. The Pullman railway strike in 1894 failed to accomplish its economic goal of reversing the one-third cut in wages for workers at the railway company and resulted in the violent breaking up of the strike, the imprisonment of American Railway Union leader Eugene Debs and seven of his union colleagues, the use of permanent replacement railway workers, and the eventual dissolution of the railway union. c. The Populists and skilled labor unions, such as the American Federation of Labor, were not prepared to endorse the need for a Socialist Party in the United States, despite the coordinated violent suppression and defeat of the Pullman strike by the federal government, the judiciary, and the Pullman Palace Car Company. d. President Cleveland ordered federal troops to crush the Pullman strike in 1894, justifying his coercive action by claiming that the strike interfered with the delivery of U.S. Mail, violated a anti-strike federal injunction obtained by the Pullman Palace Car Company, and represented a threat to public safety. e. The federal courts sided fully with Pullman Palace Car Company against the workers of the American Railway Union by issuing a court injunction ordering a cessation of the strike and by imprisoning labor leader Eugene Debs and seven of his colleagues for violating the injunction by extending the strike. Question 13 a. The election of 1896 pitted the Democratic candidate, William Jennings Bryan of Nebraska, passionately advocating on behalf of the unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 ounces of silver to 1 of gold, against Republican candidate William McKinley, arguing strenuously to maintain the gold standard and against the inflationary policy of monetizing silver. Bryan enjoyed the support of farmers, miners, western laborers, and the Populists, who endorsed a fusion ticket with the Democrats and Bryan. McKinley, on the other hand, was firmly backed by big business interests, who feared that the inflationary consequences of the unlimited coinage of silver would reduce their corporate profits. b. William Jennings Bryan obtained the presidential nomination of the Democratic and Populist parties because he passionately and eloquently adopted the farmers’ and other debtors’ demand for the unlimited coinage of silver, most notably at the Democratic convention in 1896, where he delivered his momentous Cross of Gold speech that clinched the Democratic nomination for Bryan at the party’s convention. The Populists subsequently endorsed Bryan on a fused presidential ticket because he had also specifically endorsed their central proposal of free silver coinage ratio of 16 ounces of silver to 1 ounce of gold.
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