Mongol capital Daughter of lower level official but still became high imperial

Mongol capital daughter of lower level official but

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Mongol capital Daughter of lower-level official but still became high imperial consort, exercised great influence over Yuan court, spread Korean influence in China through political authority and incorporating Korean females/eunuchs into Yuan court, had powerful institutional base (tax collecting gov’t authority created specifically for her use), reputation for corruption and extravagance 19. Chosŏn (1392-1910) Yi Songgye founded in 1392, becomes King T’aejo (last one was Wang Kon-means progenitor) Followed after Mongol/Yuan period 14 th -20 th centuries Korean peninsula Growing emphasis on Neo-Confucianism, Gov’t=State Council, 6 ministries, samsa, ongoing power struggle between king and aristocrats, flourished in arts 20. Yi Sŏnggye (King T’aejo, r.1392-1398) Founder of Choson, “progenitor” Took control over puppet kings and proclaims founding of Choson in 1392 14 th century-15 th century Choson Appointed Dynastic Foundation Merit Subjects such as Chong Tojon using merit rosters of poor elite, succession crisis involving T’aejo’s son led to Yi Pangwon eventually killing 2 brothers, Yi Pangwon became King T’aejong 21. King Sejong (r. 1418-1450) 4 th king of Choson dynasty The only monarch to have title “the Great” 15 th century Choson Promulgated native Korean alphabet/standardized Korean pronunciation of Chinese characters in “Proper Sounds to Educate the People” (Hunmin chongum)breakthrough instrument for public education, created Hall of Worthies, innovative state policies, sponsored invention of advanced scientific instruments, completed Choson’s task of Confucianizing Korea
22. Hunmin chŏngŭm (1446) Created by King Sejong Document introducing Korean alphabet 15 th century Choson Breakthrough instrument for public education, allowed written communication for commoners, standardized Korean, showed Korean language different from Chinese 23. Literati Purges (1498-1545) Clashes between Neo-Confucian literati and Merit Subjects (aka meritorious elite) Late 15 th -16 th centuries Choson Social upheavalsrise of Neo-Confucian literati (sarim) formerly based in countryside, important at county level rather than at court, King Songjong appointed them to central gov’t in order to prevent further expansion of meritorious elite, King Yonsan’gun’s mother Lady Yoon forced to die by poison b/c said to be jealous of royal concubines/scratched king, Purges of 1498 and 1504: Yonsan’gun ordered purge of sarim in 1498, 1504 purge stemming from Yonsan’gun’s attacks on sarim tied to killing of Lady Yoon, immediate causes and long-term causes of purges-a lot of struggles btw descendents of Neo-confucian literati and Merit Subjects, 1519 purge resulted from sarim forcing king to delete 76 (about ¾) names from merit roster; merit subjects fought back and it was sarim who were purged, 1545 purge resulted from succession crisis after deaths of Kings Chunjong (1544) and Injong (1545) 24. Korean Neo-Confucianism Yi I (Yulgok) and Yi Hwang (T’oegye)-prominent figures of the time Tackled problems in connecting the cosmos to human experience and morality 16 th

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