Urban problems bc capitalism economic inequality not

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urban problems b/c capitalism, economic inequality not increased size, variety, fluidity Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity – Ulrich Beck wealthy in suburbs, lack of internet inner city poor Social Structures Definitions one learns from others & society, must complete Social Scripts – Guidelines that people follow to carry out interactions and prearranged expectations fulfill role expectations as seamlessly as possible may req. complete other rules –ex. student intern Role – the expected behavior of an individual in a social position and the professional duties associated with that position dynamic process, controlled by motivation Identity – all the ways in which we view and describe ourselves req. learning/using symbols: esp. language (female/male, friend, student, attractive, unusual, etc.) and in Ralph Turner: role-making, through social interaction which others perceive us. roles invention w/ others’ co-operation Looking-glass self – The process in which people come to see (and value) role may not fit w/ culture, req. public acknowledge & themselves as others see them acceptance, or subculture acceptance Role-set – the collection of roles any individual plays. else deviant roles: subject to stigma, exclusion Symbol – A thing that stands for or represents something else, and o Identity, interrelated w/ roles provides a means of communication (ex. through spoken words, assumption: identities unique, from personalities, experiences, written words, facial expressions, or body language) desires, wishes Role Taking – The process in which we take on existing defined roles interactionists: social roles form identities, not innate Role Making – The process of creating new social roles in and through may conflict w/ personalities & basic inclinations interaction identity may have associated roles = role sets Status – A person’s social position, which is associated with a role and it ex. parent: roles = teacher, care-givers, etc. associated scripts. o Social conformity originates inside & outside conforming person Status sequence – the array of statuses we occupy over a lifetime, conform to / irritated, frustrated, disappointed in social rule through which we pass in a socially recognizable order. o Labeling theory: identity formation by looking-glass self Role Strain – a result of role conflict, when demands of some roles conflict individual identities formed by others’ views/treatment w/ the demands of others. influences treatment of oneself limited applicability, don’t absorb all labels/descriptors Notes o Goffman: roles & identities intertwined, overlap: Social forms (Georg Simmel) role embracement – person willingly accept social role & o Patterned modes of interaction through which people achieve their associated identity individual goals, conventional and lots of expectations, role distance – person accept role, reject associated identity yet each individual are experiencing individually and unique role exit – process, person leaves role o Social scripts

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