Behavior results from tension and conflict Motivation is key action stops once

Behavior results from tension and conflict motivation

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demands for socially adapted behavior. Behavior results from tension and conflict. Motivation is key, action stops once all needs are fulfilled, because there is no longer any motivational strength. Psychoanalysis: A form of psychotherapy developed by Freud which aims to make the unconscious conscious, to gain insight so that behaviors can be controlled. Theory assumes that humans are by nature aggressive, evil, and driven by sexual impulses. Id, Ego, and Superego: Id: follows pleasure principle. Attempts to avoid pain and increase pleasure. Primal desires Superego: Morality, conscience, ideals, aspirations. Your perfect self. Ego: Reason and self-control, attempts to mediate Id and Superego. Behaviorist Model of the Mind: overt and observable behavior is the proper level of analysis. Inner workings cannot be subject to analysis because they cannot be observed. Thus, the ABCs of this psychology is: A ntecedent (event that is preexisting) conditions that precede behavior The B ehavioral response The C onsequences that follow -classical behaviorism assumes that behavior is completely determined by antecedent conditions. Humans aren’t good or evil, they just react to these conditions. Review Pavlov’s Dog experiement for more insight. Cognitive Model of the Mind: replaced behaviorism as the most influential model. Realizes that cognitions are the principal subject matter of psychology. Cognitions are structures and
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processes that used to be labelled ‘mental’, (thinking, memory, problem solving, etc.) Behavior can be explained by analyzing information processing (brain is like a digital computer, processing, but also ‘deep’ vs ‘shallow’ memories can be compared to a Hard drive, or RAM) Humanistic Model of the Mind : Humans are neither motivated by strong deterministic biological drives nor environmental factors. Rather, they are active beings, naturally good and equipped with free will. Humans strive for good. Humanistic model tries to understand human behavior by detecting patterns in life histories. Focuses on the world experienced by the subject. See “comparing the models” slide Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs : Five tier model of human needs. You need to attain each level before passing to the next. William James: founding father of functionalism. Believes that the emphasis in psychology should be on the purpose and utility of behavior, not structure. Famous ly defined psych as ‘the science of mental life’. Wilhem Wundt : Founding father of structuralism. Believes that psych is a discipline studying conscious experience. Believed in introspection as the main tool for analyzing conscious mental states. Sensations are the raw sensory content of consciousness, without meaning. All conscious thoughts and perceptions were thought to be combinations of sensations.
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