inventors to create something for the army in the fields and the lower class

Inventors to create something for the army in the

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When preparing margarine, take a significant amount of unsaturated fats (which are usually liquids), and add elemental hydrogen H2, to many of the double bondsin the liquid oil and then make it a higher % of saturated fat that makes it a spreadable material Margarines can be made by the hydrogenation of liquid, unsaturated fats creating a product with a spreadable consistency.During the process of hydrogenation, hydrogen is added to the unsaturated fat to convert some of the "double bonds" into "single bonds" of saturated fat.To prepare a margarine it is usually necessary to hydrogenate (add elementalhydrogen H2 gas) to many of the double bonds (CIS) to single bonds This causes the partial reorganization of the bonding to give some trans double bonds Overall process: catalyst (palladium or platinum – agent that just alters/enhances speed of reaction) – double bond will associate with the surface of that catalyst – and on that surface is H2 – they both become transferred, which leads to a saturated fat and goes back into the mixture, and another unsaturated fat would come and sit on the chemical surface – hydrogens are added once at a timeoAlternate opportunity double bond and hydrogens associated with surface – one of them is transferred, and during a short period of time where molecule is still bound to surface, there’s opportunity for rotation around that bond – the hydrogen and 3 carbons above it can change positions, if the hydrogen that was transferred to the carbon rebinds to the surface, we have MADE a trans double bond this gives a a few % of trans fats -- there’s now a % of impurity (trans fats) that goes back into themixture and will not return because binding is not so simple, unlike the cisdouble bond the entire process of making margarine is
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HYDROGENATION in this process, cis double bonds can transform into trans double bonds and there’s unfortunately the opportunity for impurity, where trans double bonds will be part of themixture that is formed – so there could be some trans fats in margarine!Hydrogens are added one at a time Trans fats are an impurity in the hydrogenation process The chemical manufacturing process of making margarineis
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