Anat of Arg Worksheet I

Conclusion 4 usually upper management wants things

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Conclusion [4] Usually upper management wants things handled “laterally.” PREMISE [5] So they might very well send your complaint back down to your boss. PREMISE And [6] then you’ve ticked off two managers, not just
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one. PREMISE 8. [1] Since we are not under an obligation to give aid unless aid is likely to be effective in reducing starvation or malnutrition, PREMISE [2] we are not under an obligation to give aid to countries that make no effort to reduce the rate of population growth that will lead to catastrophe. CONCLUSION (Peter Singer, “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”) 9. [1] No one has the right to use a relatively unreliable procedure in order to decide whether to punish another. CONCLUSION [2] Using such a system, he is in no position to know that the other deserves punishment PREMISE and (working together) , [3] without knowing that, he has no right to punish him. PREMISE (Adapted from Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia , p.106) 10. [1] One of the defining characteristics of a statement is that it is either true or false. PREMISE [2] A picture, then, cannot make a statement, in this sense, CONCLUSION since [3] it can no more be true or false as a statement can be blue or green. PREMISE (Adapted from E.H. Gombrich, Art and Illusion p. 67-8) 11. [1] Don’t add unstated premises to someone’s argument unless you have good reason to. CONCLUSION We should have this restriction because [2] we appraise other people’s arguments in order to find out how strong their reasons are for their particular conclusions. PREMISE [3] If we start adding extra premises whenever we don’t find the logical flow of an argument natural, we will end up wandering away from the original argument and begin assessing one we’ve made up. PREMISE (Adapted from Govier, A Practical Study of Argument ) 12. [1] No one questions that the marketing of infant formula in the Third World can pose serious problems. ??? [2] Everyone, including the infant formula industry, agrees that breast-feeding provides the best and cheapest nutrition for babies. PREMISE Also, [3] mothers who are lactating are less likely to conceive. PREMISE [4] Breast-feeding also helps to space out births. PREMISE Therefore, [5] marketing practices should not induce mothers, who otherwise would be willing and able to breast-feed, to switch to the bottle. CONCLUSION (Herman Nickel, “The Corporation Haters”) 13. [1] Licensing a nuclear power plant is, in my view, licensing random premeditated murder. CONCLUSION [2] First of all, when you license a plant, you know what you're doing, PREMISE for 2 [3] so it's premeditated. Conclusion PREMISE for 1 [4] Second, the evidence on radiation-producing cancer is beyond doubt. Conclusion PREMISE for 1 [5] I've worked fifteen years on it [as of 1982], and so have many others. PREMISE for 4
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Conclusion 4 Usually upper management wants things handled...

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