Lecture21 - Operant Conditioning

Discriminative stimulus the hand signal whale can

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–4. Sign up to view the full content.

Discriminative stimulus – the hand signal – whale can tell what hand signals mean and  in reward they get a fish “this reward is now in play” Ways of Altering Behaviour Positive – adding, negative – subtracting Reinforcement – made stronger, strengthening S-R behaviour Positive reinforcement – rewarded for behaviour and makes you more likely to repeat  this behaviour in the future Smiling at a good looking woman, she smiles back Negative reinforcement – undesirable stimulus was taken away, behaviour is more likely  – in the future the umbrella will be brought more often
Image of page 2

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Avoiding negative stimulus (rain/bad hair, etc) with umbrella Punishment – decreasing S-R by following it by an aversive stimulus If you use this on children, they will feel emotionally attacked and not  Cops use punishment as standard mode to weaken a behaviour (going too fast) Response cost – termination of an appetitive stimulus which decreases the frequency of  behaviour i.e. no sesame street, no cookie (usually for being good), but taken away for bad 
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern