Cultural System Shared Shared Orientations Orientations Political Political

Cultural system shared shared orientations

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CulturalCulturalSystemSystem(Shared(SharedOrientations)Orientations)PoliticalPoliticalSystemSystem(Power(PowerRelations)Relations)Individual SystemIndividual System(Cognition and Motivation)(Cognition and Motivation)LearningLearningTeachingTeachingOutputsOutputsInputsInputsEnvironmental constraintsHuman and capital resourcesMission and board policyMaterials and methodsAchievementJob satisfactionAbsenteeismDropout rateOverall qualityDiscrepancy between Actual and Expected PerformanceEnvironmentEnvironment
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The Triadic Relations ofThe Triadic Relations ofTheory, Practice, and ResearchTheory, Practice, and ResearchTheory, research, and practice are in a dynamic relationship. Each set of relationships is reciprocal: theory guides practice, but practice reinforces, refines, or disconfirms theory; theory guides research, but research creates and refines theory; and research guides practice, but practice directs research.W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011TPR
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Practical Imperatives1. Seek and test good explanations in your administrative practice: Be both reflective and guided by evidence.2. Be prepared for both rational and irrational behavior in schools: Both abound.3. Cultivate informal relations to solve formal problems: The informal organization is a source of ingenious ideas. 4. Use multiple perspectives to frame school challenges: Framing the problem is often the key to its solution.5. Engage informal leaders in problem solving: Cooperation between the formal and the informal is a key to success.6. Be politically astute as you represent the school and its students:Politics is a fact of school life.7. Encourage both stability and spontaneity as appropriate:Both are essential to good schools.8. Be responsive to the community: The school is an open system.9. Cultivate expertise as the basis for solving problems: Knowledge should be the basis of decision making.10. Harness administration to the facilitation of sound teaching and learning: Teaching and learning is what schools are about.W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
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  • Summer '18
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  • Sociology, Organizational studies and human resource management, Social System, W. K. Hoy

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