programming c# 4.0.pdf

Events are described in chapter 5 this means youre

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be a keyword in property or event accessors. (Events are described in Chapter 5 .) This means you’re allowed to use value as an identifier in other contexts—for example, you can write a method that takes a pa- rameter called value . You can’t do that with other keywords—you can’t have a parameter called class , for example. This is a very flexible system indeed. You can provide properties that provide real stor- age in the class to store their data, or calculated properties that use any mechanism you like to get and/or set the values concerned. This choice is an implementation detail hidden from users of our class—we can switch between one and the other without changing our class’s public face. For example, we could switch the implementation of these speed properties around so that we stored the value in kilometers per hour, and calculated the miles per hour— Example 3-10 shows how these two properties would look if the “real” value was in km/h. Example 3-10. Swapping over the real and calculated properties public double SpeedInMilesPerHour { get { return SpeedInKilometersPerHour / 1.609344; } set { SpeedInKilometersPerHour = value * 1.609344; } } public double SpeedInKilometersPerHour { get; set; } As far as users of the Plane class are concerned, there’s no discernible difference between the two approaches—the way in which properties work is an encapsulated implemen- tation detail. Example 3-11 shows an updated Main function that uses the new prop- erties. It neither knows nor cares which one is the “real” one. Defining Classes | 71
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Example 3-11. Using the speed properties static void Main(string[] args) { Plane someBoeing777 = new Plane("BA0049"); someBoeing777.SpeedInMilesPerHour = 150.0; Console.WriteLine( "Your plane has identifier {0}, " + "and is traveling at {1:0.00}mph [{2:0.00}kph]", someBoeing777.Identifier, someBoeing777.SpeedInMilesPerHour , someBoeing777.SpeedInKilometersPerHour ); someBoeing777.SpeedInKilometersPerHour = 140.0; Console.WriteLine( "Your plane has identifier {0}, " + "and is traveling at {1:0.00}mph [{2:0.00}kph]", someBoeing777.Identifier, someBoeing777.SpeedInMilesPerHour , someBoeing777.SpeedInKilometersPerHour ); Console.ReadKey(); } Although our public API supports two different units for speed while successfully keeping the implementation for that private, there’s something unsatisfactory about that implementation. Our conversion relies on a magic number ( 1.609344 ) that appears repeatedly. Repetition impedes readability, and is prone to typos (I know that for a fact. I’ve typed it incorrectly once already this morning while preparing the example!) There’s an important principle in programming: don’t repeat yourself (or dry , as it’s sometimes abbreviated). Your code should aim to express any single fact or concept no more than once, because that way, you only need to get it right once. It would be much better to put this conversion factor in one place, give it a name, and refer to it by that instead. We can do that by declaring a field .
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