Significance provided the ideological underpinnings

This preview shows page 18 - 21 out of 25 pages.

Significance: Provided the ideological underpinnings of socialism and communism; his Communist Manifesto was widely circulated and his form of government was partially put into effect in a number of communist countries.Mohandas GandhiWho:Political figure for peaceWhat:An inspirational architect of a form of nonviolent civil disobedience in Indian independence movement and helped transform Congress into a mass party in the 1920sWhen:1869-1948Where:India
Historical Significance:Was the conscience of the nationalist campaign until his assassination by a Hindu nationalist militant in January 1948. Indian MutinyWho:British East India Company and IndiaWhat: British East India Company had ruled India and its influence was undeniable. English had hired Indian troops to work for them in British military to subjugate other Indians to English rule. Major issue- introduction of new kind of rifle with new kind of cartridge that were greased with animal fat (cows or pigs): Cow- issue for Hindus,Pig- issue for Muslims. Troops had to tear open cartridges with mouth. When: 1857Where:IndiaHistorical Significance:This set off the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Revolt spreads rapidly, with the Indian people calling for a revival of Mughal Empire. The British blame EIC (East India Company), take direct rule of India under Queen Victoria.Rape of NankingWho:Japenese SoldiersWhat:During the invasion of China, Japanese forces used methods of warfare that led to mass death and suffering on a new level. japanese soldiers raped 7000 women murdered thousands civilians and burned 1/3 of the homes.When:1937Where:ChinaHistorical Significance: Shows the brutality of the invasionmillenarianismWho: Examples: Boxer Rebellion, Ghost dance by native americans, South Africa-Younggirl in 1856 claims spirits of dead ancestors told her to recover independence by killing cattle. Think Russians will come help. Leads to starvation and increased dependence on the british What:”containing a thousand,” belief in a coming era of peace and prosperity which exists in many cultures and religions.When:Where:Historical Significance:It was a claim made by some religious figure that tried to inspire apopulation to engage in militant action that would bring about the end of their suffering, create redemption, to return to some kind of golden ageAutarkyWho: ex: Germany to colonize Russia for crops. Examples of Autarky are Nazi Germany,Mussolini ItalyWhat: An economically independent and self-sufficient controlling state. The idea that you need to colonize to achieve self-sufficiency. Quality of being self sufficient. Autarky exists whenever an entity can survive or continue its activities without external assistanceWhen: Where:
Historical Significance: AnglobalizationWho: BritainWhat: people moving, largest migration EVER, ½ million Europeans left their home countries every single year (initially mainly Brits. peasants from European countries looking for a better life, can afford it because travel is now cheap). Britain’s enormous influence around the globe. When: 1850-1900

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture