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Dif cognitive level analyzing analysis ref pp 208 209

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DIF: Cognitive Level: Analyzing (Analysis) REF: pp. 208-209MSC: Client Needs: Physiologic Integrity: Physiologic Adaptation20.An older adult woman is brought to the emergency department after being found lying on thekitchen floor for 2 days; she is extremely dehydrated. What would the nurse expect to see duringthe examination?aSmooth mucous membranes and lips.
b.Dry mucous membranes and cracked lipsc.Pale mucous membranesd.White patches on the mucous membranesANS: BWith dehydration, mucous membranes appear dry and the lips look parched and cracked. Theother responses are not found in dehydration.DIF: Cognitive Level: Applying (Application) REF: p. 210MSC: Client Needs: Physiologic Integrity: Physiologic Adaptation21.A 42-year-old woman complains that she has noticed several small, slightly raised, bright reddots on her chest. On examination, the nurse expects that the spots are probably:aAnasarca..bScleroderma..cSenile angiomas..dLatent myeloma..ANS: CCherry (senile) angiomas are small, smooth, slightly raised bright red dots that commonly appearon the trunk of adults over 30 years old.DIF: Cognitive Level: Applying (Application) REF: p. 211MSC: Client Needs: Physiologic Integrity: Physiologic Adaptation22.A 65-year-old man with emphysema and bronchitis has come to the clinic for a follow-upappointment. On assessment, the nurse might expect to see which finding?a.Anasarcab.Sclerodermac.Pedal erythema
dClubbing of the nails.ANS: DClubbing of the nails occurs with congenital cyanotic heart disease and neoplastic andpulmonary diseases. The other responses are assessment findings not associated with pulmonarydiseases.DIF: Cognitive Level: Analyzing (Analysis) REF: p. 213MSC: Client Needs: Physiologic Integrity: Physiologic Adaptation23.A newborn infant has Down syndrome. During the skin assessment, the nurse notices atransient mottling in the trunk and extremities in response to the cool temperature in theexamination room. The infants mother also notices the mottling and asks what it is. The nurseknows that this mottling is called:a.Caf au lait.b.Carotenemia.c.Acrocyanosis.d.Cutis marmorata.ANS: DPersistent or pronounced cutis marmorata occurs with infants born with Down syndrome or thoseborn prematurely and is a transient mottling in the trunk and extremities in response to cool roomtemperatures. A caf au lait spot is a large round or oval patch of light-brown pigmentation.Carotenemia produces a yellow-orange color in light-skinned persons. Acrocyanosis is a bluishcolor around the lips, hands and fingernails, and feet and toenails.DIF: Cognitive Level: Understanding (Comprehension) REF: p. 217MSC: Client Needs: Physiologic Integrity: Physiologic Adaptation24.A 35-year-old pregnant woman comes to the clinic for a monthly appointment. During theassessment, the nurse notices that she has a brown patch of hyperpigmentation on her face. Thenurse continues the skin assessment aware that another finding may be:aKeratoses.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Patrick Cravalho
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