the policies based on diaspora Jewry on Jewish identity, religion and social justice (Shain, 2000). The Impact Diaspora Jewry has had on the Israeli State Politically One aspect of a strong relationship between the homeland people and those living in diaspora is of political significance. The relationship within the Israel and its Jewish diaspora is however a two-sided relation. Its claim to be a center of all Jewish people has not been accepted internationally by the diaspora Jewry. The issue on how the Diaspora Jewry’s political perspectives affect their attitudes toward Israel has been debated for quite some time. Recently, the Arab citizens in Israel have been witnessed to aggressively appeal against the Israel dominance structure regardless of the fact that, the Arabs influence on the Israeli politics has been marginal. The Israel political policies are one major reason why diaspora Jewry distance themselves from Israel (Jamal, 2007). The Arabs have been fighting for political equality and justice in Israel by employing different modes to gain recognition in the Israeli political system as well as to achieve their rights. This has also been experienced by the diaspora Jewry who struggle to have common
Running head: THE ROLE OF DIASPORA JEWRY 4 cultural and national identity that includes symbolic and institutional treatment. Most of diaspora Jews are not pleased with Israel aspect of allowing individual rights only, but what they seek is recognition of collective rights. According to political theorists, integrative political resolutions that are based only on individual rights cannot be able to address the cultural and national minorities rights to have their identity and can also affect these rights (Jamal, 2007). Although Israel declares to be the historical homeland for the Jewish people, the rights to use national self- determination is unique for the Jewish people in the State of Israel. Israel established Hebrew as its official language, downgrading Arabic even though the Arabs in this nation primarily communicate in Arabic (Jamal, 2007). Accordingly, the damage has a strong impact to the Diaspora Jewry, as this nation does not clearly state the rights for the minorities. When Israel was established, they followed the western mode and liberal values and also proved about Jewish identity. Nevertheless, the policies that this nation has been implying do not balance the rights for minorities and also the diaspora Jewry view these policies as ultimate declaration that favor the identity of the democratic people. This discrepancy in a state that represent given ethnic nationality, like Israel does is common and involves national and cultural groups deprived of their rights in political spheres. In reality, what this country should be doing is aiming at escalating the relationship between its environment and the dominant nation (Jamal, 2007). Referring to the issue of injustice in Israel, struggle for social justice can be divided into two phases. One phase brings into line the fight for legitimacy and social recognition in public sphere for individuals seeking to be among the integral participants. To explain this, recognition
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