Duchess of Guastalla1806Prince Eugène de Beauharnais [Napoleon’s stepson]Viceroy of ItalyPrince of Venice1805–1807Louis [brother] Bonaparte & Hortense de Beauharnais [Napoleon’s stepdaugher]King and Queen of Holland1806–1810Joseph [brother] BonaparteKing of Spain1806BACDEFGHBAGCEDFHNAPOLEONIC EUROPE, 1799–1812As a result of his conquests, Napoleon spread revolutionary ideals and nationalism throughout Europe. To ensure loyalty, Napoleon installed his relatives on the thrones of the lands he conquered. When Napoleon named his brother Jerome king of Westphalia, he explained the importance of spreading the principles of the French Revolution.“What the peoples of Germany desire most impatiently is that talented commoners should have the same right to your esteem and to public employments as the nobles, that any trace of serfdom . . . should be completely abolished. . . . The peoples of Germany, the peoples of France, of Italy, of Spain all desire equality and liberal ideas. . . . The buzzing of the privileged classes is contrary to the general opinion. Be a constitutional king.”—Napoleon BonaparteSPREADING THE PRINCIPLES OF THE REVOLUTION1. Location In which areas would you expect the ideals of the revolution to be popular? Why?2. Regions If Napoleon had not established his empires, do you think the same ideas would have spread in Europe? Why or why not? Napoleon’s Family & His Empire (1799–1812)SeeStudentWorks™ Plus orglencoe.com.
Napoleon’s EmpireAs Napoleon conquered Europe, he spread nationalist ideas. Inspired by those ideas, con-quered peoples resisted Napoleon’s armies and helped bring about the collapse of his empire. HISTORY & YOU How would Americans react to a foreign country dictating trade policy to their govern-ment? Read how Napoleon tried to bar trade with Britain.Napoleon is, of course, known less for his domestic policies than for his military leadership. His conquests began soon after he rose to power.Building the EmpireWhen Napoleon became consul in 1799, France was at war with a European coali-tion of Russia, Great Britain, and Austria. Napoleon realized the need for a pause in the war. “The French Revolution is not fin-ished,” he said, “so long as the scourge of war lasts. . . . I want peace, as much to set-tle the present French government, as to save the world from chaos.” In 1802 a peace treaty was signed, but it did not last long. War with Britain broke out again in 1803. Gradually, Britain was joined by Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Prussia. In a series of battles at Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, and Eylau from 1805 to 1807, Napoleon’s Grand Army defeated the Austrian, Prussian, and Rus-sian armies.From 1807 to 1812, Napoleon was the master of Europe. His Grand Empire was composed of three major parts: the French Empire, dependent states, and allied states. The French Empire was the inner core of the Grand Empire. It consisted of an enlarged France extending to the Rhine in the east and including the western half of Italy north of Rome.