Franklin Philip Cambridge Mass Harvard University Press The Abbe de

Franklin philip cambridge mass harvard university

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Franklin Philip (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984), 30. 17. The Abbe de l’Epee was the founder of the first formalized school for deaf children that would become Institut Nationale des Jeunes Sourds. Most histories of deaf education assert that French Sign Language largely began at Epee’s school. Desloges’s account relates that sign lan- guage existed prior to the founding of the school. 18. Desloges, “Deaf Person’s Observations,” 36. 19. Ibid., 46. 20. Companies like BabySigns, Eensy Weensy Signers, and Signing Baby all compete for a grow- ing market of hearing parents who want to enhance their hearing baby’s cognitive and social behavior. For research on the effects of early signing, see Susan Goodwyn, Linda Acredolo, and Catherine Brown, “Impact of Symbolic Gesturing on Early Language Development,” Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 24, no. 2 (2000): 81–103. 21. Desloges, “Deaf Person’s Observations,” 30–31. 22. For further reading on signing communities prior to the founding of residential schools, see Nora Ellen Groce, Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language: Hereditary Deafness on Martha’s Vine- yard (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985), and Harlan Lane, Richard Pilliard, and Mary French, “Origins of the American Deaf-World: Assimilating and Differentiating Societies and Their Relation to Genetic Patterning,” Sign Language Studies 1 (2000): 17–44. 23. Before there was any talk of a Deaf Culture, Deaf people were referred to through the sign deaf-world . It is unclear as to when the use of the sign deaf-world came about, but it clearly dates back generations. “Deaf people in the U.S. use the sign deaf-world to refer to . . . the so- cial network they have set up and not to any notion of geographical location.” Harlan Lane, Robert Hoffmeister, and Ben Bahan, A Journey into the Deaf-World (San Diego: DawnSignPress, 1996), 5. 24. Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nation- alism (London: Verso, 1991). 25. I thank Ben Bahan for bringing this title to my attention. 26. These films have been collected in one video: Preservation of Sign Language: The Historical Collection (Burtonsville, Md.: Sign Media, 1997). 27. Burch, Signs of Resistance. 28. Quoted in Charles Katz, “A Partial History of Deaf Studies,” in Deaf Studies VI Conference Proceedings: Making the Connection (Washington, D.C.: College for Continuing Education, Gal- laudet University, 1999), 120. 29. Ibid., 121. 30. The Linguistics Research Laboratory produced groundbreaking work in linguistics from scholars such as Carol Padden, Harry Markowicz, Robbin Battison, Charlotte Baker, Dennis Cokely, James Woodward, and Robert Johnson. 31. This program was founded by Stephen Nover and Dr. Robert Hoffmeister. 32. This program was founded by Drs. Larry Fleischer and Ray Jones. 33. The undergraduate program was founded by Dr. Yerker Andersson and the graduate pro- gram by Drs. Ben Bahan, H-Dirksen Bauman, and MJ Bienvenu.
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