a large number of audiences. The best of the songs were able to recognize the social problems and convey the feelings that were brought about by the problems. The songs also brought a sense
6 of belonging and shared a common goal to the touched ones. Music also provided a basis of common experience and understanding for the generation (Eyerman and Jamison 138). SA musicians, Hugh Masekela and Miriam Makeba who were exiled continued to spread their fight for the Apartheid using their songs. According to Makeba, raising awareness was the initial step on the road to transformation (Ansell 226-227). Globalization such as hybridity, interconnectedness technology and music had the capability to resist against unfairness and transform conflict. Additionally, freedom and jazz songs were some of the greatest powerful genres that were integral in expressing struggles, protesting injustices and building solidarity. Both local and international musicians played a major role in raising awareness through media and educating the citizens about the injustices that Africans were going through. Music helped in dismantling the Apartheid in SA that is the barriers of the segregation were broken down through the solidarity brought about the songs. Music as a form of expression has become a tool of transforming conflict by connecting the people and bringing unity among the people and raising awareness about issues affecting the people.
7 Bibliography Ansell, Gwen . Soweto Blues: Jazz, Popular Music & Politics in South Africa . London: The Continuum International Publishing Group Inc., 2004. Print Eyerman, Ron and Andrew Jamison. Music and Social Movements: Mobilising Traditions in the Twentieth Century . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Print. Marsh, Dave. “ Sun City by Artists United Against Apartheid. The Making of The Record.” New York: Penguin Books, 1985. Print. Sanger, Kerran L. “ When the Spirit Says Sing! The Role of Freedom Songs in the Civil Rights Movement .” New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1995. Print. Schumann, Anne. “The Beat that Beat Apartheid: The Role of Music in the Resistance Against Apartheid in South Africa.” Stichproben: Vienna Journal of African Studies 14. (2008): 17-39. Web. Sizemore-Barber, April. "The Voice of (Which?) Africa: Miriam Makeba in America." Safundi 13, no. 3-4 (2012): 251-276. Whitehead, Baruch. "We Shall Overcome: The Roles of Music in the US Civil Rights Movement.” Music and Conflict Transformation: Harmonies and Dissonances in Geopolitics . London: I.B. Tauris in Association with the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research, 2008. 78-92. Web
- Summer '16
- Smith Eliud