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Stronger in mass where irish immigration pouring in ■Not talking of slavery ○Republican party ■Anti-slavery ■Anti-kansas-nebraska ■Not abolitionists, more jacksonian, slavery is threat to me, corrupting politics ■Anti-slave power more like ○Election of 1856 ■James buchanan (doughface democrat) ●Sweeps south and wins 4 free states ■John freemont (repub) ●wins the north, not a single southern state ■Milliard fillmore (american, know-nothing) ●Anti-immigration party ●Only carries maryland ○Political chain reaction after kansas-nebraska ■National party headquarters didn’t like sectional issues, but local ones did ■By 1856, democrats are a southern majority party ●More southern in participation means become more southern in its policies ○Stephen douglas’ challenge ■Win back the north w/o losing the south ■How to solve slavery question once and for all so that it is no longer a political issue ●Then we can get back to economic issues ○Pop sov in practice ■Bleeding kansas ■Previously couldn’t take slaves into kansas b/c it was free soil and b/c of missouri compromisie ■Now settlers can decide for themselves ■Issa mess ■Anti and pro slavery ppl move into kansas ■Neither side willing to allow events to take their natural crouse ■Mini civil far, both sides fight ■Brooks sumner affair ●Speech in congress ●Attack southern democrat
●“This guy wants to rape maiden of kansas” ●He gets beaten by a cane by preston brooks ●Shows northerners that slavery creates violence ●Southerners like preston brooks, protecting his views ○Dred scott case ■Dred scott vs sanford ■Chief justice roger taney ●Thinks black americans are not citizens thus have no legal rights ●Slaveholders as citizens can’t be deprived of their property w/o due process of law and have the right to take their property into any national territory therefore the missouri compromises was unconstitutional ■Northerners outraged ●Slave power ●Slaveholder court ○Democracy in action - lincoln douglas debates ■Arguing about status of slavery in america ■Both argue that founding fathers are on their side ■Citing different documents ■Which nation? 1776 or 1788? ●Douglas ○Constitution is founding doc ○Slavery is a political and local issue ○Father condoned it ■3/5ths and fugitive slave clauses ○Slavery written into constitution ○Status of slavery in west should be left up to local settlers to decide themselves ○Pop sov ○Founding fathers ambivalent to slavery ●Lincoln ○Dec of ind is the founding doc, birth certificate ○Slavery is a moral and national question ○Fathers opposed it ■All men created equal ○Founding fathers hate slavery but didn’t know how to end it ○Slavery must be kept out of west and put back “where our fathers left it” on the road to “ultimate extinction” ○Wilmot proviso ■Both se jacksonian vocab ●Someone is out to get you ●If you vote for me i’ll protect you ●Douglass