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•Bali - Bali is an Indonesian island known for its forested volcanic mountains, iconic rice paddies, beaches and coral reefs.•Irian Jaya - West Papua is a province in the far east of Indonesia, centered on the island of New Guinea. Theprovince includes New Guinea’s 2 westernmost peninsulas and the smaller islands around them. Gamelan music/instruments – see lecture video in week 7Trobriand Islands •Malinowski – anthropologist who studied Trobriand Islanders, wrote about kula ring, started travelling to Trobriands in 1914.•Papua New Guinea - in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. A country of immense cultural and biological diversity, it’s known for its beaches and coral reefs.•yam house - storage area for yams during the non-gardening months. Yams can be stored for up to a year.•wife’s brother -wife’s brother takes over yam garden duties from wife’s father. Wife’s brother will decide if new man is worthy of marrying his sister. Brother will need to build yam house for sister.•skirts and bundles – mortuary skirts made from banana leaves that women make which provide them with a lot of money and are an important ceremonial aspect during mourning.•matriline - a line of descent from a female ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the individuals in all intervening generations are mothers – in other words, a "mother line". In a matrilineal descent system, an individual is considered to belong to the same descent group as their mother.•Kula trade (the Kula ring) – process in which islanders trade two different types of shells between tribes on neighboring islands. Expeditions were held about every six months and helped islanders receive things theyneeded in exchange for those they had abundance of.•yam competition – competition organized by island chiefs to compete with neighboring islands.•“workers” and “owners” – owners are members of the matrilineage who are responsible for organizing the burial and exchange rituals following death. Workers are non-members of matriline but clan members from other villages who prepare the body for ceremoniesSamoa •Matai – man who is responsible for those who live under his roof; family chief with many duties; elected title.•aiga – title given to household head by extended family.•fono – village council that makes decisions for the village.•aitu – spirits of ancestors.•household - includes all the people who occupy a housing unit; Samoan households include husband, wife, children and elderly parents.•Kava – root that is cut and pounded into a pulp and then strained into water to make a drink; kava is ritualized act performed by talking chief.
•taro - a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms. The root vegetable is most commonly known as taro. It is the most widely cultivated species of several plants in the Araceae family, which are used as vegetables for their corms, leaves, and petioles.