Now for me i really want to join those programs to

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addicts. Now, for me, I really want to join those programs to get medicine but it is really difficult, I am asked to get this stamp or that stamp and have to write requests. Oh, it is difficult. (age 45, HIV-negative, released 2 months ago)” (12). In their study, they compared the overdose rates of villagers to city civilians and found that “almost half of [the] sample in the village had witnessed three or more drug overdoses” (Blackburn et al., 2017). Another factor that contributes to the heavy use of heroin injection are those who are HIV- positive. More than 60% of the drug users who have contracted HIV inject heroin to cope with the stigma that stems from their HIV-positive diagnosis (Zelaya et al., 2016). Owing to the fact that the injection of heroin was purposely linked to HIV by the government, this double stigmatization led HIV-positive heroin users to not report their problems. The lack of family and community support was then perceived, as they were not treated respectfully and humanely in the healthcare setting. This led them to believe that suffering societal stigma is a
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more tolerable option than engaging in interventions that promise ideal treatments in inhumane conditions.
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  • Fall '13
  • Methadone Maintenance Treatment, HIV-positive heroin users, heroin injections, socioeconomic status factors

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